Acyl-Glycerol

Glycerides, more correctly known as acylglycerols, are esters formed from glycerol and fatty acids, and are generally very hydrophobic. Glycerol has three hydroxyl functional groups, which can be esterified with one, two, or three fatty acids to form mono-, di-, and triglycerides. These structures vary in their fatty acid alkyl groups as they can contain different carbon numbers, different degrees of unsaturation, and different configurations and positions of olefins
Substrate Main targeted enzyme families Type Structure
Prostaglandin-D2-Glyceryl-Ester Carb_B_Chordata Prostaglandin Acyl-Glycerol Cannabinoid-Receptor-ligand Natural
1-oleoyl-2-acetylglycerol Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate Acetate
C8-DOGE Canar_LipB Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate Octanoate
C10-DOGE Canar_LipB Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate Decanoate
C12-DOGE Canar_LipB Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate Dodecanoate Laurate
C14-DOGE Canar_LipB Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate Tetradecanoate
C16-DOGE Canar_LipB Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate Hexadecanoate Palmitate
C8-2-MOGE Canar_LipB Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate Octanoate
C8-3-MOGE Canar_LipB Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate Octanoate
C10-2-MOGE Canar_LipB Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate Decanoate
C10-3-MOGE Canar_LipB Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate Decanoate
C12-2-MOGE Canar_LipB Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate Dodecanoate Laurate
C12-3-MOGE Canar_LipB Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate Dodecanoate Laurate
C14-2-MOGE Canar_LipB Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate Tetradecanoate
C14-3-MOGE Canar_LipB Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate Tetradecanoate
C16-3-MOGE Canar_LipB Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate Hexadecanoate Palmitate
C16-2-MOGE Canar_LipB Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate Hexadecanoate Palmitate
NBD-Phosphatidylserine ABHD16 NBD-nitro-benzoxadiazol-fluorescent Benzoxadiazole Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Phospholipid Phosphatidylserine Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester
15d-PGJ2-G ABHD16 Prostaglandin Acyl-Glycerol
Glyceryl-monolinoleate ABHD16 Acyl-Glycerol Fatty acid ester Monoacylglycerol Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate
DGGR Acyl-Glycerol Fluorescent Probe Diacylglycerol Derivative of Resorufin Phenoxazin
15-Hete-G Acyl-Glycerol Cannabinoid-Receptor-ligand Natural
PGE2-glyceryl-ester Monoglyceridelipase_lysophospholip ABHD6-Lip ABHD12-PHARC Carb_B_Chordata Prostaglandin Acyl-Glycerol Cannabinoid-Receptor-ligand Natural
Bis(monoacylglycerol)phosphate ABHD6-Lip Acyl-Glycerol
2-Monoolein abh_upf0017 Natural Acyl-Glycerol
1-Oleoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycerol Lipase_3 Natural Acyl-Glycerol
1-Stearoyl-2-arachidonoylglycerol Lipase_3 Natural Acyl-Glycerol
Monostearin Monoglyceridelipase_lysophospholip Carb_B_Chordata FAE-Bacterial-promiscuous Acyl-Glycerol Monoacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Stearate
KM043 Pancreatic_lipase Insect_lipase Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Galactolipid Glycosydiacylglycerol Glycoside Hexadecanoate Palmitate
DGDG Pancreatic_lipase Lipase_3 Insect_lipase Plant_phospholipase Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Galactolipid Glycosydiacylglycerol Glycoside Dodecanoate
LMGL05010021 Pancreatic_lipase Lipase_3 Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Galactolipid Glycosydiacylglycerol Glycoside
C8-DGDG Pancreatic_lipase Lipase_3 Fungal-Bact_LIP Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Galactolipid Glycosydiacylglycerol Glycoside
C8-MGDG Pancreatic_lipase Lipase_3 Cholesterol_esterase Fungal-Bact_LIP Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Galactolipid Glycosydiacylglycerol Glycoside
MGDG Pancreatic_lipase Lipase_3 Insect_lipase Plant_phospholipase Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Galactolipid Glycosydiacylglycerol Glycoside Dodecanoate
Tripentadecanoin Hepatic_Lipase Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol
2-thioacetyl-MAGE Arylacetamide_deacetylase Acyl-Glycerol
2-Arachidonylglycerol Monoglyceridelipase_lysophospholip ABHD6-Lip Carb_B_Chordata ABHD12-PHARC abh_upf0017 Acyl-Glycerol Cannabinoid-Receptor-ligand Natural
Tributyrin Acidic_Lipase Cutinase Lipase_3 CarbLipBact_2 Bacterial_lip_FamI.3 Bacterial_lip_FamI.5 Lipase_bact_N_lipase Lipase_2 Fungal_carboxylesterase_lipase Pancreatic_lipase Cholesterol_esterase Carb_B_Chordata Bacterial_lip_FamI.1 Canar_LipB Fungal-Bact_LIP Bacterial_lip_FamI.6 6_AlphaBeta_hydrolase Water-soluble short chain ester Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol
Dibutyrin Lipase_3 6_AlphaBeta_hydrolase Water-soluble short chain ester Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol
Tripropionin Acidic_Lipase Bacterial_lip_FamI.5 Lipase_2 Cholesterol_esterase Carb_B_Chordata Bacterial_lip_FamI.1 Bacterial_lip_FamI.6 Water-soluble short chain ester Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol Propionate
Triacetin Acidic_Lipase Fungal_carboxylesterase_lipase Bacterial_lip_FamI.1 Canar_LipB Acetate Water-soluble short chain ester Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol
Arachidonoyl-1-thioglycerol Carb_B_Chordata ABHD6-Lip Lipase_3 Hormone-sensitive_lipase_like Monoglyceridelipase_lysophospholip Plasmodium_subtelomeric_PST-A Acyl-Glycerol Monoacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester
Monomyristin Acidic_Lipase abh_upf0017 Lipase_3 Acyl-Glycerol Monoacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Tetradecanoate
Monocaprin Acidic_Lipase abh_upf0017 Carb_B_Chordata Lipase_3 BCHE Acyl-Glycerol Monoacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester
Monoolein Acidic_Lipase abh_upf0017 Monoglyceridelipase_lysophospholip Carb_B_Chordata Lipase_3 Acyl-Glycerol Monoacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate
Monopalmitin Acidic_Lipase abh_upf0017 Acyl-Glycerol Monoacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Hexadecanoate Palmitate
Monolaurin Acidic_Lipase abh_upf0017 CarbLipBact_2 Pancreatic_lipase Monoglyceridelipase_lysophospholip Acyl-Glycerol Monoacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Dodecanoate Laurate
Monooctanoin Acidic_Lipase Carb_B_Chordata FAE-Bacterial-promiscuous Octanoate Acyl-Glycerol Monoacylglycerol Fatty acid ester
Dilaurin Acidic_Lipase Dodecanoate Laurate Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Fatty acid ester
Dioctanoyl Acidic_Lipase Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Octanoate Fatty acid ester
Tristearin Acidic_Lipase Lipase_2 Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Stearate
Trimyristin Acidic_Lipase Lipase_2 ABHD6-Lip Bacterial_lip_FamI.6 Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Tetradecanoate
Trilaurin Acidic_Lipase Bacterial_lip_FamI.1 Lipase_2 Dodecanoate Laurate Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester
2-hydroxy-3-(octadecanoyloxy)propyl-pentacosanoate Lipase_3 Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester
1,3-Diolein Canar_LipB Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate
1,2-Diolein Carb_B_Chordata Acyl-Glycerol Diacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate
Triolein Hormone-sensitive_lipase_like Bacterial_lip_FamI.2 Hepatic_Lipase Pancreatic_lipase Bacterial_lip_FamI.1 Carb_B_Chordata Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester Oleate
Trioctanoin Acidic_Lipase Bacterial_lip_FamI.5 Lipase_2 Pancreatic_lipase Bacterial_lip_FamI.1 Bacterial_lip_FamI.3 Polyesterase-lipase-cutinase Acyl-Glycerol Octanoate Triacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester
Tricaprin Lipase_2 Bacterial_lip_FamI.1 Bacterial_lip_FamI.5 Hormone-sensitive_lipase_like Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester
Trihexanoin Bacterial_lip_FamI.5 Pancreatic_lipase Lipase_3 AlphaBeta_hydrolase Bacterial_lip_FamI.3 Fungal_carboxylesterase_lipase Acyl-Glycerol Triacylglycerol Fatty acid ester Water-insoluble medium and long chain ester