Lou Y

References (10)

Title : Soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor promotes the healing of oral ulcers - Li_2023_Clinics.(Sao.Paulo)_78_100208
Author(s) : Li J , Wen Z , Lou Y , Chen J , Gao L , Li X , Wang F
Ref : Clinics (Sao Paulo) , 78 :100208 , 2023
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: Oral ulcers are a lesion in the oral mucosa that impacts chewing or drinking. Epoxyeicosatrienoic Acids (EETs) have enhanced angiogenic, regenerative, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic effects. The present study aims to evaluate the effects of 1-Trifluoromethoxyphenyl-3-(1-Propionylpiperidin-4-yl) Urea (TPPU), a soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor for increasing EETs level, on the healing of oral ulcers. METHODS: The chemically-induced oral ulcers were established in Sprague Dawley rats. The ulcer area was treated with TPPU to evaluate the healing time and pain threshold of ulcers. The expression of angiogenesis and cell proliferation-related protein in the ulcer area was detected using immunohistochemical staining. The effects of TPPU on migration and angiogenesis capability were measured with scratch assay and tube formation. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, TPPU promoted wound healing of oral ulcers with a shorter healing time, and raised pain thresholds. Immunohistochemical staining showed that TPPU increased the expression of angiogenesis and cell proliferation-related protein with reduced inflammatory cell infiltration in the ulcer area. TPPU enhanced cell migration and tube-forming potential in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: The present results support the potential of TPPU with multiple biological effects for the treatment of oral ulcers by targeting soluble epoxide hydrolase.
ESTHER : Li_2023_Clinics.(Sao.Paulo)_78_100208
PubMedSearch : Li_2023_Clinics.(Sao.Paulo)_78_100208
PubMedID: 37148830

Title : Natural Antioxidants, Tyrosinase and Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors from Cercis glabra Leaves - Lou_2022_Molecules_27_
Author(s) : Lou Y , Xu T , Cao H , Zhao Q , Zhang P , Shu P
Ref : Molecules , 27 : , 2022
Abstract : Cercis glabra is a plant belonging to the legume family, whose flowers and barks are commonly used as food and traditional Chinese medicines. However, its leaves are usually disposed of as wastes. This research comprehensively investigated the bioactive constituents of C. glabra leaves, and two new phenolic, ceroffesters A-B (1-2) and thirteen known compounds (3-15) were isolated. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods such as nuclear magnetic resonance (1D NMR and 2D NMR), high-resolution electrospray ionization mass spectra (HR-ESI-MS), optical rotatory dispersion (ORD) and electronic circular dichroism (ECD). All of them were assessed for their antioxidant activities through ABTS, DPPH and PTIO methodologies, and evaluated for inhibitory activities against two enzymes (mushroom tyrosinase and acetylcholinesterase). As a result, compounds 3-6, 10 and 13 exhibited evident antioxidant activities. Meanwhile, compounds 5, 10 and 13 showed the most potent tyrosinase inhibitory activities, with IC(50) of 0.64, 0.65 and 0.59 mM, and compared with the positive control of 0.63 mM (kojic acid). In the initial concentration of 1 mg/mL, compounds 3, 5 and 6 demonstrated moderate inhibitory activities against acetylcholinesterase with 85.27 +/- 0.06%, 83.65 +/- 0.48% and 82.21 +/- 0.09%, respectively, compared with the positive control of 91.17 +/- 0.23% (donepezil). These bioactive components could be promising antioxidants, tyrosinase and acetylcholinesterase inhibitors.
ESTHER : Lou_2022_Molecules_27_
PubMedSearch : Lou_2022_Molecules_27_
PubMedID: 36557801

Title : Effects and mechanisms of scalp acupuncture on learning and memory in mice with lead poisoning - Yan_2020_J.Pak.Med.Assoc_70 [Special Issue]_125
Author(s) : Yan W , Lou Y , Li G
Ref : J Pak Med Assoc , 70 [Special Issue] :125 , 2020
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: To study the effects and mechanism of scalp acupuncture on learning and memory ability in mice with lead poisoning. METHODS: From March 2018 to December 2018, 30 Kunming mice were randomly divided equally into the control group and the intervention group after intraperitoneal injection of lead acetate The intervention group received scalp acupuncture on the first day of the model establishment; the model group only received conventional feeding without treatment. At the same time, a control group of 15 rats was given the intraperitoneal injections of normal saline for 8 consecutive days, and only after routine feeding, no treatment was given. Determination of lead in blood was detected by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry, the Morris water maze test was used to detect the learning and memory function of mice, hydroxylamine colorimetric method was used to measure acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, and TUNEL staining was used to detect the apoptotic cells in the hippocampus. RESULTS: The results showed that the blood lead level of the model group (231.42+/-12.53mug/L) was significantly higher than that of the control group (20.43+/-4.62mug/L) (P<0.05); and there was no significant difference in blood lead content between the intervention group (228.12+/-5.21mug/L) and the model group. The Morris water maze test showed that from the fourth day of the orientation navigation experiment, the escape latency of the model group (22.2+/-4.10s) was longer than that of the control group (13.64+/-2.93s) (P<0.05); besides, from the third day, the escape latency of mice in the intervention group (13.52+/-9.18s) was significantly shortened compared with the model group (19.95+/-3.52s). In the space exploration experiment, in terms of passing through the platform, the distance (1.57+/-0.49m) and time (15.54+/-3.72s) of mice in the model group were longer than that of mice in the control group (0.73+/-0.44m, 3.24+/-2.24s) (P<0.05), the distance (0.41+/-0.28m) and time (3.0+/-1.93s) of mice in the intervention group were shorter than that of mice in the model group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The apoptosis rate of hippocampus in the model group (8.79+/-0.37%) was significantly higher than that in the control group (3.56+/-0.44%) (P<0.05), and the apoptosis rate of hippocampus in the intervention group (4.36+/-0.12%0 was significantly lower than that in the model group (P<0.05). The expression of AchE in the model group (0.5+/-0.13U/ug) was significantly higher than that in the control group (0.23+/-0.04U/ug), but there was no significant difference in the AChE activity between the intervention group and the model group. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, scalp acupuncture can improve the learning and memory ability of mice with lead poisoning, and the decrease of hippocampal apoptotic cells may be a possible mechanism for the improvement of learning and memory function.
ESTHER : Yan_2020_J.Pak.Med.Assoc_70 [Special Issue]_125
PubMedSearch : Yan_2020_J.Pak.Med.Assoc_70 [Special Issue]_125
PubMedID: 33177741

Title : MS1, a direct target of MS188, regulates the expression of key sporophytic pollen coat protein genes in Arabidopsis - Lu_2020_J.Exp.Bot__
Author(s) : Lu JY , Xiong SX , Yin W , Teng XD , Lou Y , Zhu J , Zhang C , Gu JN , Wilson ZA , Yang ZN
Ref : J Exp Bot , : , 2020
Abstract : Sporophytic pollen coat proteins (sPCPs) derived from the anther tapetum are deposited into pollen wall cavities and function in pollen-stigma interactions, pollen hydration and environmental protection. In Arabidopsis, 13 highly-abundant proteins have been identified in pollen coat, including 7 major Glycine-Rich Proteins GRP14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 and GRP-Oleosin; two Caleosin-related family proteins (AT1G23240, AT1G23250); three lipase proteins EXL4, EXL5, EXL6 and ATA27/BGLU20. Here, we show that GRP14, 17, 18, 19, and EXL4 and EXL6 fused with GFP are translated in the tapetum and then accumulate in the anther locule following tapetum degeneration. The expression of these sPCPs is dependent on two essential tapetum transcription factors, MALE STERILE188 (MS188) and MALE STERILITY 1 (MS1). The majority of sPCP genes are up-regulated within 30h after MS1 induction and could be restored by MS1 expression driven by the MS188 promoter in ms188, indicating that MS1 is sufficient to activate their expression, however additional MS1-downstream factors appear to be required for high-level sPCP expression. Our ChIP, in vivo transactivation assays and EMSA data indicate that MS188 directly activates MS1. Together, these results reveal a regulatory cascade that outer pollen wall formation is regulated by MS188 followed by sPCPs synthesis controlled by MS1.
ESTHER : Lu_2020_J.Exp.Bot__
PubMedSearch : Lu_2020_J.Exp.Bot__
PubMedID: 32374882

Title : Novel Tacrine-Benzofuran Hybrids as Potent Multitarget-Directed Ligands for the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease: Design, Synthesis, Biological Evaluation, and X-ray Crystallography - Zha_2016_J.Med.Chem_59_114
Author(s) : Zha X , Lamba D , Zhang L , Lou Y , Xu C , Kang D , Chen L , Xu Y , De Simone A , Samez S , Pesaresi A , Stojan J , Lopez MG , Egea J , Andrisano V , Bartolini M
Ref : Journal of Medicinal Chemistry , 59 :114 , 2016
Abstract : Twenty-six new tacrine-benzofuran hybrids were designed, synthesized, and evaluated in vitro on key molecular targets for Alzheimer's disease. Most hybrids exhibited good inhibitory activities on cholinesterases and beta-amyloid self-aggregation. Selected compounds displayed significant inhibition of human beta-secretase-1 (hBACE-1). Among the 26 hybrids, 2e showed the most interesting profile as a subnanomolar selective inhibitor of human acetylcholinesterase (hAChE) (IC50 = 0.86 nM) and a good inhibitor of both beta-amyloid aggregation (hAChE- and self-induced, 61.3% and 58.4%, respectively) and hBACE-1 activity (IC50 = 1.35 muM). Kinetic studies showed that 2e acted as a slow, tight-binding, mixed-type inhibitor, while X-ray crystallographic studies highlighted the ability of 2e to induce large-scale structural changes in the active-site gorge of Torpedo californica AChE (TcAChE), with significant implications for structure-based drug design. In vivo studies confirmed that 2e significantly ameliorates performances of scopolamine-treated ICR mice. Finally, 2e administration did not exhibit significant hepatotoxicity.
ESTHER : Zha_2016_J.Med.Chem_59_114
PubMedSearch : Zha_2016_J.Med.Chem_59_114
PubMedID: 26632651
Gene_locus related to this paper: torca-ACHE

Title : Comparative genomics of citric-acid-producing Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 versus enzyme-producing CBS 513.88 - Andersen_2011_Genome.Res_21_885
Author(s) : Andersen MR , Salazar MP , Schaap PJ , van de Vondervoort PJ , Culley D , Thykaer J , Frisvad JC , Nielsen KF , Albang R , Albermann K , Berka RM , Braus GH , Braus-Stromeyer SA , Corrochano LM , Dai Z , van Dijck PW , Hofmann G , Lasure LL , Magnuson JK , Menke H , Meijer M , Meijer SL , Nielsen JB , Nielsen ML , van Ooyen AJ , Pel HJ , Poulsen L , Samson RA , Stam H , Tsang A , van den Brink JM , Atkins A , Aerts A , Shapiro H , Pangilinan J , Salamov A , Lou Y , Lindquist E , Lucas S , Grimwood J , Grigoriev IV , Kubicek CP , Martinez D , van Peij NN , Roubos JA , Nielsen J , Baker SE
Ref : Genome Res , 21 :885 , 2011
Abstract : The filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger exhibits great diversity in its phenotype. It is found globally, both as marine and terrestrial strains, produces both organic acids and hydrolytic enzymes in high amounts, and some isolates exhibit pathogenicity. Although the genome of an industrial enzyme-producing A. niger strain (CBS 513.88) has already been sequenced, the versatility and diversity of this species compel additional exploration. We therefore undertook whole-genome sequencing of the acidogenic A. niger wild-type strain (ATCC 1015) and produced a genome sequence of very high quality. Only 15 gaps are present in the sequence, and half the telomeric regions have been elucidated. Moreover, sequence information from ATCC 1015 was used to improve the genome sequence of CBS 513.88. Chromosome-level comparisons uncovered several genome rearrangements, deletions, a clear case of strain-specific horizontal gene transfer, and identification of 0.8 Mb of novel sequence. Single nucleotide polymorphisms per kilobase (SNPs/kb) between the two strains were found to be exceptionally high (average: 7.8, maximum: 160 SNPs/kb). High variation within the species was confirmed with exo-metabolite profiling and phylogenetics. Detailed lists of alleles were generated, and genotypic differences were observed to accumulate in metabolic pathways essential to acid production and protein synthesis. A transcriptome analysis supported up-regulation of genes associated with biosynthesis of amino acids that are abundant in glucoamylase A, tRNA-synthases, and protein transporters in the protein producing CBS 513.88 strain. Our results and data sets from this integrative systems biology analysis resulted in a snapshot of fungal evolution and will support further optimization of cell factories based on filamentous fungi.
ESTHER : Andersen_2011_Genome.Res_21_885
PubMedSearch : Andersen_2011_Genome.Res_21_885
PubMedID: 21543515
Gene_locus related to this paper: aspna-g3y4g9 , aspna-g3yal2 , aspna-g3ycq2 , aspnc-a2qbh3 , aspnc-a2qe77 , aspnc-a2qf54 , aspnc-a2qfe9 , aspnc-a2qg33 , aspnc-a2qh76 , aspnc-a2qhe2 , aspnc-a2qi32 , aspnc-a2ql89 , aspnc-a2ql90 , aspnc-a2qla0 , aspnc-a2qmk5 , aspnc-a2qn56 , aspnc-a2qs22 , aspnc-a2qti9 , aspnc-a2qtz0 , aspnc-a2quc1 , aspnc-a2qx92 , aspnc-a2qyf0 , aspnc-a2qys7 , aspnc-a2qz72 , aspnc-a2qzn6 , aspnc-a2qzr0 , aspnc-a2qzx0 , aspnc-a2qzx4 , aspnc-a2r0p4 , aspnc-a2r1r5 , aspnc-a2r2i5 , aspnc-a2r5r4 , aspnc-a2r6h5 , aspnc-a2r8r3 , aspnc-a2r8z3 , aspnc-a2r273 , aspnc-a2r496 , aspnc-a2r502 , aspnc-a5abe5 , aspnc-a5abe8 , aspnc-a5abh9 , aspnc-a5abk1 , aspnc-axe1 , aspnc-cuti1 , aspnc-cuti2 , aspng-a2qs46 , aspng-a2qv27 , aspni-EstA , aspkw-g7y0v7 , aspnc-a2qt47 , aspnc-a2qt66 , aspna-g3xpq9 , aspnc-a2qqa1 , aspna-g3xsl3 , aspna-g3y5a6 , aspna-g3xpw9 , aspaw-a0a401kpx5 , aspnc-a2qw57 , aspaw-a0a401kcz4 , aspna-alba , aspna-azac

Title : The genome of black cottonwood, Populus trichocarpa (Torr. &\; Gray) - Tuskan_2006_Science_313_1596
Author(s) : Tuskan GA , Difazio S , Jansson S , Bohlmann J , Grigoriev I , Hellsten U , Putnam N , Ralph S , Rombauts S , Salamov A , Schein J , Sterck L , Aerts A , Bhalerao RR , Bhalerao RP , Blaudez D , Boerjan W , Brun A , Brunner A , Busov V , Campbell M , Carlson J , Chalot M , Chapman J , Chen GL , Cooper D , Coutinho PM , Couturier J , Covert S , Cronk Q , Cunningham R , Davis J , Degroeve S , Dejardin A , dePamphilis C , Detter J , Dirks B , Dubchak I , Duplessis S , Ehlting J , Ellis B , Gendler K , Goodstein D , Gribskov M , Grimwood J , Groover A , Gunter L , Hamberger B , Heinze B , Helariutta Y , Henrissat B , Holligan D , Holt R , Huang W , Islam-Faridi N , Jones S , Jones-Rhoades M , Jorgensen R , Joshi C , Kangasjarvi J , Karlsson J , Kelleher C , Kirkpatrick R , Kirst M , Kohler A , Kalluri U , Larimer F , Leebens-Mack J , Leple JC , Locascio P , Lou Y , Lucas S , Martin F , Montanini B , Napoli C , Nelson DR , Nelson C , Nieminen K , Nilsson O , Pereda V , Peter G , Philippe R , Pilate G , Poliakov A , Razumovskaya J , Richardson P , Rinaldi C , Ritland K , Rouze P , Ryaboy D , Schmutz J , Schrader J , Segerman B , Shin H , Siddiqui A , Sterky F , Terry A , Tsai CJ , Uberbacher E , Unneberg P , Vahala J , Wall K , Wessler S , Yang G , Yin T , Douglas C , Marra M , Sandberg G , Van de Peer Y , Rokhsar D
Ref : Science , 313 :1596 , 2006
Abstract : We report the draft genome of the black cottonwood tree, Populus trichocarpa. Integration of shotgun sequence assembly with genetic mapping enabled chromosome-scale reconstruction of the genome. More than 45,000 putative protein-coding genes were identified. Analysis of the assembled genome revealed a whole-genome duplication event; about 8000 pairs of duplicated genes from that event survived in the Populus genome. A second, older duplication event is indistinguishably coincident with the divergence of the Populus and Arabidopsis lineages. Nucleotide substitution, tandem gene duplication, and gross chromosomal rearrangement appear to proceed substantially more slowly in Populus than in Arabidopsis. Populus has more protein-coding genes than Arabidopsis, ranging on average from 1.4 to 1.6 putative Populus homologs for each Arabidopsis gene. However, the relative frequency of protein domains in the two genomes is similar. Overrepresented exceptions in Populus include genes associated with lignocellulosic wall biosynthesis, meristem development, disease resistance, and metabolite transport.
ESTHER : Tuskan_2006_Science_313_1596
PubMedSearch : Tuskan_2006_Science_313_1596
PubMedID: 16973872
Gene_locus related to this paper: burvg-a4jw31 , delas-a9c1v9 , poptr-a9pfp5 , poptr-a9ph43 , poptr-a9ph71 , poptr-a9pha7 , poptr-b9giq0 , poptr-b9gjs0 , poptr-b9gl72 , poptr-b9gmx8 , poptr-b9gnp9 , poptr-b9gny4 , poptr-b9grg2 , poptr-b9gsc2 , poptr-b9gvp3 , poptr-b9gvs3 , poptr-b9gwn9 , poptr-b9gy32 , poptr-b9gyq1 , poptr-b9gys8 , poptr-b9h0h0 , poptr-b9h4j2 , poptr-b9h6c2 , poptr-b9h6c5 , poptr-b9h6l8 , poptr-b9h8c9 , poptr-b9h301 , poptr-b9h579 , poptr-b9hbl2 , poptr-b9hbw5 , poptr-b9hcn9 , poptr-b9hee0 , poptr-b9hee2 , poptr-b9hee5 , poptr-b9hee6 , poptr-b9hef3 , poptr-b9hfa7 , poptr-b9hfd3 , poptr-b9hfi6 , poptr-b9hft8 , poptr-b9hg83 , poptr-b9hif5 , poptr-b9hll5 , poptr-b9hmd0 , poptr-b9hnv3 , poptr-b9hqr6 , poptr-b9hqr7 , poptr-b9hrv7 , poptr-b9hs66 , poptr-b9huf0 , poptr-b9hur3 , poptr-b9hux1 , poptr-b9hwp2 , poptr-b9hxr7 , poptr-b9hyk8 , poptr-b9hyx2 , poptr-b9i2q8 , poptr-b9i5b8 , poptr-b9i5j8 , poptr-b9i5j9 , poptr-b9i5k0 , poptr-b9i6b6 , poptr-b9i7b7 , poptr-b9i9p8 , poptr-b9i484 , poptr-b9i994 , poptr-b9ial3 , poptr-b9ial4 , poptr-b9ib28 , poptr-b9ibr8 , poptr-b9id97 , poptr-b9idr4 , poptr-b9iid9 , poptr-b9iip0 , poptr-b9ik80 , poptr-b9ik90 , poptr-b9il63 , poptr-b9ink7 , poptr-b9iqa0 , poptr-b9iqd5 , poptr-b9mwf1 , poptr-b9mwi8 , poptr-b9n0c6 , poptr-b9n0n1 , poptr-b9n0n4 , poptr-b9n0z5 , poptr-b9n1t8 , poptr-b9n1z3 , poptr-b9n3m7 , poptr-b9n233 , poptr-b9n236 , poptr-b9n395 , poptr-b9nd33 , poptr-b9nd34 , poptr-b9ndi6 , poptr-b9ndj5 , poptr-b9p9i8 , poptr-a9pfa7 , poptr-b9hdp2 , poptr-b9inj0 , poptr-b9n5g7 , poptr-b9i8q4 , poptr-u5g0r4 , poptr-u5gf59 , poptr-u7e1l9 , poptr-b9hj61 , poptr-b9hwd0 , poptr-u5fz17 , poptr-a0a2k2brq1 , poptr-a0a2k2b9i6 , poptr-a0a2k1x9y8 , poptr-a9pch4 , poptr-a0a2k1wwt1 , poptr-a0a2k1wv10 , poptr-a0a2k2a850 , poptr-a0a2k2asj6 , poptr-a0a2k1x6k1 , poptr-u5fv96 , poptr-a0a2k2blg2 , poptr-a0a2k1xpi3 , poptr-a0a2k1xpj0 , poptr-a0a2k2b331 , poptr-a0a2k2byl7 , poptr-b9iek5 , poptr-a9pfg4 , poptr-a0a2k1xzs5 , poptr-b9gga9 , poptr-b9guw6 , poptr-b9hff2

Title : Comparative genomics of the lactic acid bacteria - Makarova_2006_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_103_15611
Author(s) : Makarova K , Slesarev A , Wolf Y , Sorokin A , Mirkin B , Koonin E , Pavlov A , Pavlova N , Karamychev V , Polouchine N , Shakhova V , Grigoriev I , Lou Y , Rohksar D , Lucas S , Huang K , Goodstein DM , Hawkins T , Plengvidhya V , Welker D , Hughes J , Goh Y , Benson A , Baldwin K , Lee JH , Diaz-Muniz I , Dosti B , Smeianov V , Wechter W , Barabote R , Lorca G , Altermann E , Barrangou R , Ganesan B , Xie Y , Rawsthorne H , Tamir D , Parker C , Breidt F , Broadbent J , Hutkins R , O'Sullivan D , Steele J , Unlu G , Saier M , Klaenhammer T , Richardson P , Kozyavkin S , Weimer B , Mills D
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 103 :15611 , 2006
Abstract : Lactic acid-producing bacteria are associated with various plant and animal niches and play a key role in the production of fermented foods and beverages. We report nine genome sequences representing the phylogenetic and functional diversity of these bacteria. The small genomes of lactic acid bacteria encode a broad repertoire of transporters for efficient carbon and nitrogen acquisition from the nutritionally rich environments they inhabit and reflect a limited range of biosynthetic capabilities that indicate both prototrophic and auxotrophic strains. Phylogenetic analyses, comparison of gene content across the group, and reconstruction of ancestral gene sets indicate a combination of extensive gene loss and key gene acquisitions via horizontal gene transfer during the coevolution of lactic acid bacteria with their habitats.
ESTHER : Makarova_2006_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_103_15611
PubMedSearch : Makarova_2006_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_103_15611
PubMedID: 17030793
Gene_locus related to this paper: 9laco-c0xef2 , lacba-pepx , lacba-q03pm4 , lacba-q03sl1 , lacc3-pepx , lacc3-q03b36 , lacc3-q033u9 , lacc3-q035l1 , lacc3-q036j3 , lacc3-q036j8 , laccb-b3wcx2 , lacda-q1g8l1 , lacdb-q04b33 , lacdb-q04bn2 , lacdb-q04ci8 , lacdb-q04cw3 , lacdl-pepx , lacdl-pip , lacga-q040j4 , lacga-q040j9 , lacga-q040s2 , lacga-q042h9 , lacga-q043a3 , lacga-q043m1 , lacga-q045l3 , lacga-q046w1 , lacga-q047a5 , lacjo-q74hh0 , lacjo-q74ii3 , lacla-pepx , laclk-d2bl62 , lacls-q02y15 , lacls-q030e4 , lacls-q030p2 , lacrh-pepr , leumc-c2kjv5 , leumm-q03x93 , leumm-q03y60 , leumm-q03y71 , leumm-q03z72 , oenob-q04d10 , oenob-q04f06 , oenob-q04f19 , oenob-q04fw8 , oenob-q04ga3 , oenob-q04h47 , oenoe-a0nif9 , oenoe-a0nl98 , oenoe-d3lb54 , pedpa-pepx , pedpa-q03gh4 , pedpa-q03h47 , pedpa-q03hj2 , strt1-q5lz16 , strt1-q5lza1 , strt2-q5m420 , strtr-pepx , oenoe-k6pl10 , lacba-pip , lacca-k0n1x0 , lacpa-s2ter8 , lacpa-s2rz88 , pedpa-q03hz6 , oenob-q04dp7

Title : The DNA sequence and biology of human chromosome 19 - Grimwood_2004_Nature_428_529
Author(s) : Grimwood J , Gordon LA , Olsen A , Terry A , Schmutz J , Lamerdin J , Hellsten U , Goodstein D , Couronne O , Tran-Gyamfi M , Aerts A , Altherr M , Ashworth L , Bajorek E , Black S , Branscomb E , Caenepeel S , Carrano A , Caoile C , Chan YM , Christensen M , Cleland CA , Copeland A , Dalin E , Dehal P , Denys M , Detter JC , Escobar J , Flowers D , Fotopulos D , Garcia C , Georgescu AM , Glavina T , Gomez M , Gonzales E , Groza M , Hammon N , Hawkins T , Haydu L , Ho I , Huang W , Israni S , Jett J , Kadner K , Kimball H , Kobayashi A , Larionov V , Leem SH , Lopez F , Lou Y , Lowry S , Malfatti S , Martinez D , McCready P , Medina C , Morgan J , Nelson K , Nolan M , Ovcharenko I , Pitluck S , Pollard M , Popkie AP , Predki P , Quan G , Ramirez L , Rash S , Retterer J , Rodriguez A , Rogers S , Salamov A , Salazar A , She X , Smith D , Slezak T , Solovyev V , Thayer N , Tice H , Tsai M , Ustaszewska A , Vo N , Wagner M , Wheeler J , Wu K , Xie G , Yang J , Dubchak I , Furey TS , DeJong P , Dickson M , Gordon D , Eichler EE , Pennacchio LA , Richardson P , Stubbs L , Rokhsar DS , Myers RM , Rubin EM , Lucas SM
Ref : Nature , 428 :529 , 2004
Abstract : Chromosome 19 has the highest gene density of all human chromosomes, more than double the genome-wide average. The large clustered gene families, corresponding high G + C content, CpG islands and density of repetitive DNA indicate a chromosome rich in biological and evolutionary significance. Here we describe 55.8 million base pairs of highly accurate finished sequence representing 99.9% of the euchromatin portion of the chromosome. Manual curation of gene loci reveals 1,461 protein-coding genes and 321 pseudogenes. Among these are genes directly implicated in mendelian disorders, including familial hypercholesterolaemia and insulin-resistant diabetes. Nearly one-quarter of these genes belong to tandemly arranged families, encompassing more than 25% of the chromosome. Comparative analyses show a fascinating picture of conservation and divergence, revealing large blocks of gene orthology with rodents, scattered regions with more recent gene family expansions and deletions, and segments of coding and non-coding conservation with the distant fish species Takifugu.
ESTHER : Grimwood_2004_Nature_428_529
PubMedSearch : Grimwood_2004_Nature_428_529
PubMedID: 15057824

Title : The sequence and analysis of duplication-rich human chromosome 16 - Martin_2004_Nature_432_988
Author(s) : Martin J , Han C , Gordon LA , Terry A , Prabhakar S , She X , Xie G , Hellsten U , Chan YM , Altherr M , Couronne O , Aerts A , Bajorek E , Black S , Blumer H , Branscomb E , Brown NC , Bruno WJ , Buckingham JM , Callen DF , Campbell CS , Campbell ML , Campbell EW , Caoile C , Challacombe JF , Chasteen LA , Chertkov O , Chi HC , Christensen M , Clark LM , Cohn JD , Denys M , Detter JC , Dickson M , Dimitrijevic-Bussod M , Escobar J , Fawcett JJ , Flowers D , Fotopulos D , Glavina T , Gomez M , Gonzales E , Goodstein D , Goodwin LA , Grady DL , Grigoriev I , Groza M , Hammon N , Hawkins T , Haydu L , Hildebrand CE , Huang W , Israni S , Jett J , Jewett PB , Kadner K , Kimball H , Kobayashi A , Krawczyk MC , Leyba T , Longmire JL , Lopez F , Lou Y , Lowry S , Ludeman T , Manohar CF , Mark GA , McMurray KL , Meincke LJ , Morgan J , Moyzis RK , Mundt MO , Munk AC , Nandkeshwar RD , Pitluck S , Pollard M , Predki P , Parson-Quintana B , Ramirez L , Rash S , Retterer J , Ricke DO , Robinson DL , Rodriguez A , Salamov A , Saunders EH , Scott D , Shough T , Stallings RL , Stalvey M , Sutherland RD , Tapia R , Tesmer JG , Thayer N , Thompson LS , Tice H , Torney DC , Tran-Gyamfi M , Tsai M , Ulanovsky LE , Ustaszewska A , Vo N , White PS , Williams AL , Wills PL , Wu JR , Wu K , Yang J , DeJong P , Bruce D , Doggett NA , Deaven L , Schmutz J , Grimwood J , Richardson P , Rokhsar DS , Eichler EE , Gilna P , Lucas SM , Myers RM , Rubin EM , Pennacchio LA
Ref : Nature , 432 :988 , 2004
Abstract : Human chromosome 16 features one of the highest levels of segmentally duplicated sequence among the human autosomes. We report here the 78,884,754 base pairs of finished chromosome 16 sequence, representing over 99.9% of its euchromatin. Manual annotation revealed 880 protein-coding genes confirmed by 1,670 aligned transcripts, 19 transfer RNA genes, 341 pseudogenes and three RNA pseudogenes. These genes include metallothionein, cadherin and iroquois gene families, as well as the disease genes for polycystic kidney disease and acute myelomonocytic leukaemia. Several large-scale structural polymorphisms spanning hundreds of kilobase pairs were identified and result in gene content differences among humans. Whereas the segmental duplications of chromosome 16 are enriched in the relatively gene-poor pericentromere of the p arm, some are involved in recent gene duplication and conversion events that are likely to have had an impact on the evolution of primates and human disease susceptibility.
ESTHER : Martin_2004_Nature_432_988
PubMedSearch : Martin_2004_Nature_432_988
PubMedID: 15616553
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-CES1 , human-CES2 , human-CES3 , human-CES4A , human-CES5A