Shapiro H

References (23)

Title : Potential roles of gut microbiome and metabolites in modulating ALS in mice - Blacher_2019_Nature_572_474
Author(s) : Blacher E , Bashiardes S , Shapiro H , Rothschild D , Mor U , Dori-Bachash M , Kleimeyer C , Moresi C , Harnik Y , Zur M , Zabari M , Brik RB , Kviatcovsky D , Zmora N , Cohen Y , Bar N , Levi I , Amar N , Mehlman T , Brandis A , Biton I , Kuperman Y , Tsoory M , Alfahel L , Harmelin A , Schwartz M , Israelson A , Arike L , Johansson MEV , Hansson GC , Gotkine M , Segal E , Elinav E
Ref : Nature , 572 :474 , 2019
Abstract : Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a complex neurodegenerative disorder, in which the clinical manifestations may be influenced by genetic and unknown environmental factors. Here we show that ALS-prone Sod1 transgenic (Sod1-Tg) mice have a pre-symptomatic, vivarium-dependent dysbiosis and altered metabolite configuration, coupled with an exacerbated disease under germ-free conditions or after treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics. We correlate eleven distinct commensal bacteria at our vivarium with the severity of ALS in mice, and by their individual supplementation into antibiotic-treated Sod1-Tg mice we demonstrate that Akkermansia muciniphila (AM) ameliorates whereas Ruminococcus torques and Parabacteroides distasonis exacerbate the symptoms of ALS. Furthermore, Sod1-Tg mice that are administered AM are found to accumulate AM-associated nicotinamide in the central nervous system, and systemic supplementation of nicotinamide improves motor symptoms and gene expression patterns in the spinal cord of Sod1-Tg mice. In humans, we identify distinct microbiome and metabolite configurations-including reduced levels of nicotinamide systemically and in the cerebrospinal fluid-in a small preliminary study that compares patients with ALS with household controls. We suggest that environmentally driven microbiome-brain interactions may modulate ALS in mice, and we call for similar investigations in the human form of the disease.
ESTHER : Blacher_2019_Nature_572_474
PubMedSearch : Blacher_2019_Nature_572_474
PubMedID: 31330533

Title : Bile acids in glucose metabolism in health and disease - Shapiro_2018_J.Exp.Med_215_383
Author(s) : Shapiro H , Kolodziejczyk AA , Halstuch D , Elinav E
Ref : J Exp Med , 215 :383 , 2018
Abstract : Bile acids (BAs) are cholesterol-derived metabolites that facilitate the intestinal absorption and transport of dietary lipids. Recently, BAs also emerged as pivotal signaling molecules controlling glucose, lipid, and energy metabolism by binding to the nuclear hormone farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and Takeda G protein receptor 5 (TGR5) in multiple organs, leading to regulation of intestinal incretin secretion, hepatic gluconeogenesis, glycogen synthesis, energy expenditure, inflammation, and gut microbiome configuration. Alterations in BA metabolism and signaling are associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), whereas treatment of T2DM patients with BA sequestrants, or bariatric surgery in morbidly obese patients, results in a significant improvement in glycemic response that is associated with changes in the BA profile and signaling. Herein, we review the roles of BAs in glucose metabolism in health and disease; highlight the limitations, unknowns, and challenges in understanding the impact of BAs on the glycemic response; and discuss how this knowledge may be harnessed to develop innovative therapeutic approaches for the treatment of hyperglycemia and diabetes.
ESTHER : Shapiro_2018_J.Exp.Med_215_383
PubMedSearch : Shapiro_2018_J.Exp.Med_215_383
PubMedID: 29339445

Title : The genome sequence of the most widely cultivated cacao type and its use to identify candidate genes regulating pod color - Motamayor_2013_Genome.Biol_14_r53
Author(s) : Motamayor JC , Mockaitis K , Schmutz J , Haiminen N , Livingstone D, 3rd , Cornejo O , Findley SD , Zheng P , Utro F , Royaert S , Saski C , Jenkins J , Podicheti R , Zhao M , Scheffler BE , Stack JC , Feltus FA , Mustiga GM , Amores F , Phillips W , Marelli JP , May GD , Shapiro H , Ma J , Bustamante CD , Schnell RJ , Main D , Gilbert D , Parida L , Kuhn DN
Ref : Genome Biol , 14 :r53 , 2013
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Theobroma cacao L. cultivar Matina 1-6 belongs to the most cultivated cacao type. The availability of its genome sequence and methods for identifying genes responsible for important cacao traits will aid cacao researchers and breeders.
RESULTS: We describe the sequencing and assembly of the genome of Theobroma cacao L. cultivar Matina 1-6. The genome of the Matina 1-6 cultivar is 445 Mbp, which is significantly larger than a sequenced Criollo cultivar, and more typical of other cultivars. The chromosome-scale assembly, version 1.1, contains 711 scaffolds covering 346.0 Mbp, with a contig N50 of 84.4 kbp, a scaffold N50 of 34.4 Mbp, and an evidence-based gene set of 29,408 loci. Version 1.1 has 10x the scaffold N50 and 4x the contig N50 as Criollo, and includes 111 Mb more anchored sequence. The version 1.1 assembly has 4.4% gap sequence, while Criollo has 10.9%. Through a combination of haplotype, association mapping and gene expression analyses, we leverage this robust reference genome to identify a promising candidate gene responsible for pod color variation. We demonstrate that green/red pod color in cacao is likely regulated by the R2R3 MYB transcription factor TcMYB113, homologs of which determine pigmentation in Rosaceae, Solanaceae, and Brassicaceae. One SNP within the target site for a highly conserved trans-acting siRNA in dicots, found within TcMYB113, seems to affect transcript levels of this gene and therefore pod color variation.
CONCLUSIONS: We report a high-quality sequence and annotation of Theobroma cacao L. and demonstrate its utility in identifying candidate genes regulating traits.
ESTHER : Motamayor_2013_Genome.Biol_14_r53
PubMedSearch : Motamayor_2013_Genome.Biol_14_r53
PubMedID: 23731509
Gene_locus related to this paper: thecc-a0a061drp5 , thecc-a0a061f547 , thecc-a0a061et00 , thecc-a0a061g081 , thecc-a0a061g216 , thecc-a0a061g7l1 , thecc-a0a061g739 , thecc-a0a061emb5 , thecc-a0a061e5y9 , thecc-a0a061g267 , thecc-a0a061fqk7 , thecc-a0a061fxr9 , thecc-a0a061glp9 , thecc-a0a061gj91 , thecc-a0a061eb00 , thecc-a0a061faz2 , thecc-a0a061eik0 , thecc-a0a061dz39 , thecc-a0a061dgb4 , thecc-a0a061dgb9 , thecc-a0a061dgg3 , thecc-a0a061dn78 , thecc-a0a061fbl1 , thecc-a0a061gjz3 , thecc-a0a061fu06 , thecc-a0a061f9z5

Title : Genome of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus provides insight into the oldest plant symbiosis - Tisserant_2013_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_110_20117
Author(s) : Tisserant E , Malbreil M , Kuo A , Kohler A , Symeonidi A , Balestrini R , Charron P , Duensing N , Frei dit Frey N , Gianinazzi-Pearson V , Gilbert LB , Handa Y , Herr JR , Hijri M , Koul R , Kawaguchi M , Krajinski F , Lammers PJ , Masclaux FG , Murat C , Morin E , Ndikumana S , Pagni M , Petitpierre D , Requena N , Rosikiewicz P , Riley R , Saito K , San Clemente H , Shapiro H , van Tuinen D , Becard G , Bonfante P , Paszkowski U , Shachar-Hill YY , Tuskan GA , Young JP , Sanders IR , Henrissat B , Rensing SA , Grigoriev IV , Corradi N , Roux C , Martin F
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 110 :20117 , 2013
Abstract : The mutualistic symbiosis involving Glomeromycota, a distinctive phylum of early diverging Fungi, is widely hypothesized to have promoted the evolution of land plants during the middle Paleozoic. These arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) perform vital functions in the phosphorus cycle that are fundamental to sustainable crop plant productivity. The unusual biological features of AMF have long fascinated evolutionary biologists. The coenocytic hyphae host a community of hundreds of nuclei and reproduce clonally through large multinucleated spores. It has been suggested that the AMF maintain a stable assemblage of several different genomes during the life cycle, but this genomic organization has been questioned. Here we introduce the 153-Mb haploid genome of Rhizophagus irregularis and its repertoire of 28,232 genes. The observed low level of genome polymorphism (0.43 SNP per kb) is not consistent with the occurrence of multiple, highly diverged genomes. The expansion of mating-related genes suggests the existence of cryptic sex-related processes. A comparison of gene categories confirms that R. irregularis is close to the Mucoromycotina. The AMF obligate biotrophy is not explained by genome erosion or any related loss of metabolic complexity in central metabolism, but is marked by a lack of genes encoding plant cell wall-degrading enzymes and of genes involved in toxin and thiamine synthesis. A battery of mycorrhiza-induced secreted proteins is expressed in symbiotic tissues. The present comprehensive repertoire of R. irregularis genes provides a basis for future research on symbiosis-related mechanisms in Glomeromycota.
ESTHER : Tisserant_2013_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_110_20117
PubMedSearch : Tisserant_2013_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_110_20117
PubMedID: 24277808
Gene_locus related to this paper: rhiid-u9u175 , rhiid-u9trg1 , rhiid-u9uh96 , rhiid-u9ttu4

Title : Insights into bilaterian evolution from three spiralian genomes - Simakov_2013_Nature_493_526
Author(s) : Simakov O , Marletaz F , Cho SJ , Edsinger-Gonzales E , Havlak P , Hellsten U , Kuo DH , Larsson T , Lv J , Arendt D , Savage R , Osoegawa K , de Jong P , Grimwood J , Chapman JA , Shapiro H , Aerts A , Otillar RP , Terry AY , Boore JL , Grigoriev IV , Lindberg DR , Seaver EC , Weisblat DA , Putnam NH , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Nature , 493 :526 , 2013
Abstract : Current genomic perspectives on animal diversity neglect two prominent phyla, the molluscs and annelids, that together account for nearly one-third of known marine species and are important both ecologically and as experimental systems in classical embryology. Here we describe the draft genomes of the owl limpet (Lottia gigantea), a marine polychaete (Capitella teleta) and a freshwater leech (Helobdella robusta), and compare them with other animal genomes to investigate the origin and diversification of bilaterians from a genomic perspective. We find that the genome organization, gene structure and functional content of these species are more similar to those of some invertebrate deuterostome genomes (for example, amphioxus and sea urchin) than those of other protostomes that have been sequenced to date (flies, nematodes and flatworms). The conservation of these genomic features enables us to expand the inventory of genes present in the last common bilaterian ancestor, establish the tripartite diversification of bilaterians using multiple genomic characteristics and identify ancient conserved long- and short-range genetic linkages across metazoans. Superimposed on this broadly conserved pan-bilaterian background we find examples of lineage-specific genome evolution, including varying rates of rearrangement, intron gain and loss, expansions and contractions of gene families, and the evolution of clade-specific genes that produce the unique content of each genome.
ESTHER : Simakov_2013_Nature_493_526
PubMedSearch : Simakov_2013_Nature_493_526
PubMedID: 23254933
Gene_locus related to this paper: capte-r7t7t5 , capte-r7tx98 , capte-r7ua57 , capte-r7ua73 , capte-ACHE1 , capte-ACHE2 , capte-ACHE3 , capte-ACHE4 , helro-ACHE1 , helro-ACHE1b , lotgi-ACHE1 , lotgi-ACHE2 , lotgi-v4aaa2 , lotgi-v3zx52 , lotgi-v4b4v9 , capte-r7tuq9 , capte-r7v997 , capte-r7vgb9 , lotgi-v3zwe9 , capte-r7tu45 , lotgi-v4bvy3 , lotgi-v3zh31 , capte-r7uie6 , lotgi-v4b898 , capte-r7u3w8 , capte-r7uxb2 , lotgi-v3za62 , capte-r7ux79 , capte-r7uq81 , capte-r7vcc3 , capte-r7ts12 , capte-r7u1x0 , capte-r7uhi1 , capte-r7vei7 , capte-r7v0v3 , lotgi-v4bvi8 , lotgi-v3zyd8 , capte-r7tzy6 , lotgi-v3z9i1 , helro-t1fsg3 , capte-x1yv75 , capte-x2b306 , lotgi-v3zcw8 , capte-r7thp6 , helro-t1fy80 , lotgi-v4bky5 , capte-r7tsq9 , lotgi-v4ali9 , lotgi-v4a9f2 , lotgi-v3zjj3 , helro-t1eej5 , helro-t1g9b7 , capte-r7tiy1 , capte-r7tbl5 , helro-t1exa6 , lotgi-v4a5l7 , helro-t1fm33 , capte-r7ud05 , capte-r7tql8 , capte-r7u5g6 , capte-r7u5z3 , capte-r7ue07 , lotgi-v3zk54 , lotgi-v4a4r1 , lotgi-v4aw76 , lotgi-v4b250 , lotgi-v4bbk1 , lotgi-v3zq85 , lotgi-v4a6s5 , lotgi-v4amq2 , lotgi-v4aqm2 , lotgi-v4crq0 , capte-r7tad7 , capte-r7vgm6 , lotgi-v4agl2 , lotgi-v3zur2 , lotgi-v4aui4 , capte-r7tlv8 , lotgi-v3zu07 , helro-t1g0w9

Title : Finished genome of the fungal wheat pathogen Mycosphaerella graminicola reveals dispensome structure, chromosome plasticity, and stealth pathogenesis - Goodwin_2011_PLoS.Genet_7_e1002070
Author(s) : Goodwin SB , M'Barek S B , Dhillon B , Wittenberg AH , Crane CF , Hane JK , Foster AJ , Van der Lee TA , Grimwood J , Aerts A , Antoniw J , Bailey A , Bluhm B , Bowler J , Bristow J , van der Burgt A , Canto-Canche B , Churchill AC , Conde-Ferraez L , Cools HJ , Coutinho PM , Csukai M , Dehal P , De Wit P , Donzelli B , van de Geest HC , van Ham RC , Hammond-Kosack KE , Henrissat B , Kilian A , Kobayashi AK , Koopmann E , Kourmpetis Y , Kuzniar A , Lindquist E , Lombard V , Maliepaard C , Martins N , Mehrabi R , Nap JP , Ponomarenko A , Rudd JJ , Salamov A , Schmutz J , Schouten HJ , Shapiro H , Stergiopoulos I , Torriani SF , Tu H , de Vries RP , Waalwijk C , Ware SB , Wiebenga A , Zwiers LH , Oliver RP , Grigoriev IV , Kema GH
Ref : PLoS Genet , 7 :e1002070 , 2011
Abstract : The plant-pathogenic fungus Mycosphaerella graminicola (asexual stage: Septoria tritici) causes septoria tritici blotch, a disease that greatly reduces the yield and quality of wheat. This disease is economically important in most wheat-growing areas worldwide and threatens global food production. Control of the disease has been hampered by a limited understanding of the genetic and biochemical bases of pathogenicity, including mechanisms of infection and of resistance in the host. Unlike most other plant pathogens, M. graminicola has a long latent period during which it evades host defenses. Although this type of stealth pathogenicity occurs commonly in Mycosphaerella and other Dothideomycetes, the largest class of plant-pathogenic fungi, its genetic basis is not known. To address this problem, the genome of M. graminicola was sequenced completely. The finished genome contains 21 chromosomes, eight of which could be lost with no visible effect on the fungus and thus are dispensable. This eight-chromosome dispensome is dynamic in field and progeny isolates, is different from the core genome in gene and repeat content, and appears to have originated by ancient horizontal transfer from an unknown donor. Synteny plots of the M. graminicola chromosomes versus those of the only other sequenced Dothideomycete, Stagonospora nodorum, revealed conservation of gene content but not order or orientation, suggesting a high rate of intra-chromosomal rearrangement in one or both species. This observed "mesosynteny" is very different from synteny seen between other organisms. A surprising feature of the M. graminicola genome compared to other sequenced plant pathogens was that it contained very few genes for enzymes that break down plant cell walls, which was more similar to endophytes than to pathogens. The stealth pathogenesis of M. graminicola probably involves degradation of proteins rather than carbohydrates to evade host defenses during the biotrophic stage of infection and may have evolved from endophytic ancestors.
ESTHER : Goodwin_2011_PLoS.Genet_7_e1002070
PubMedSearch : Goodwin_2011_PLoS.Genet_7_e1002070
PubMedID: 21695235
Gene_locus related to this paper: zymti-f9wzw8 , zymti-f9x2y6 , zymti-f9x423 , zymti-f9x813 , zymti-f9xa54 , zymti-f9xb42 , zymti-f9xbu5 , zymti-f9xcr9 , zymti-f9xdr7 , zymti-f9xer1 , zymti-f9xez8 , zymti-f9xfz9 , zymti-f9xh29 , zymti-f9xhe7 , zymti-f9xhr4 , zymti-f9xk09 , zymti-f9xns5 , zymti-f9xiu1 , zymti-f9xng3 , zymti-f9x4f2 , zymti-f9x4s7 , zymti-f9xdm8 , zymti-f9wwy9 , zymti-f9xkf2 , zymti-f9xlt3 , zymti-f9x0i3 , zymti-f9wwa6 , zymti-f9wyk7 , zymti-f9x3z1 , zymti-f9xf16 , zymtr-a0a1x7rhi5 , zymti-f9xfj3 , zymti-pks1

Title : Comparative genomics of citric-acid-producing Aspergillus niger ATCC 1015 versus enzyme-producing CBS 513.88 - Andersen_2011_Genome.Res_21_885
Author(s) : Andersen MR , Salazar MP , Schaap PJ , van de Vondervoort PJ , Culley D , Thykaer J , Frisvad JC , Nielsen KF , Albang R , Albermann K , Berka RM , Braus GH , Braus-Stromeyer SA , Corrochano LM , Dai Z , van Dijck PW , Hofmann G , Lasure LL , Magnuson JK , Menke H , Meijer M , Meijer SL , Nielsen JB , Nielsen ML , van Ooyen AJ , Pel HJ , Poulsen L , Samson RA , Stam H , Tsang A , van den Brink JM , Atkins A , Aerts A , Shapiro H , Pangilinan J , Salamov A , Lou Y , Lindquist E , Lucas S , Grimwood J , Grigoriev IV , Kubicek CP , Martinez D , van Peij NN , Roubos JA , Nielsen J , Baker SE
Ref : Genome Res , 21 :885 , 2011
Abstract : The filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger exhibits great diversity in its phenotype. It is found globally, both as marine and terrestrial strains, produces both organic acids and hydrolytic enzymes in high amounts, and some isolates exhibit pathogenicity. Although the genome of an industrial enzyme-producing A. niger strain (CBS 513.88) has already been sequenced, the versatility and diversity of this species compel additional exploration. We therefore undertook whole-genome sequencing of the acidogenic A. niger wild-type strain (ATCC 1015) and produced a genome sequence of very high quality. Only 15 gaps are present in the sequence, and half the telomeric regions have been elucidated. Moreover, sequence information from ATCC 1015 was used to improve the genome sequence of CBS 513.88. Chromosome-level comparisons uncovered several genome rearrangements, deletions, a clear case of strain-specific horizontal gene transfer, and identification of 0.8 Mb of novel sequence. Single nucleotide polymorphisms per kilobase (SNPs/kb) between the two strains were found to be exceptionally high (average: 7.8, maximum: 160 SNPs/kb). High variation within the species was confirmed with exo-metabolite profiling and phylogenetics. Detailed lists of alleles were generated, and genotypic differences were observed to accumulate in metabolic pathways essential to acid production and protein synthesis. A transcriptome analysis supported up-regulation of genes associated with biosynthesis of amino acids that are abundant in glucoamylase A, tRNA-synthases, and protein transporters in the protein producing CBS 513.88 strain. Our results and data sets from this integrative systems biology analysis resulted in a snapshot of fungal evolution and will support further optimization of cell factories based on filamentous fungi.
ESTHER : Andersen_2011_Genome.Res_21_885
PubMedSearch : Andersen_2011_Genome.Res_21_885
PubMedID: 21543515
Gene_locus related to this paper: aspna-g3y4g9 , aspna-g3yal2 , aspna-g3ycq2 , aspnc-a2qbh3 , aspnc-a2qe77 , aspnc-a2qf54 , aspnc-a2qfe9 , aspnc-a2qg33 , aspnc-a2qh76 , aspnc-a2qhe2 , aspnc-a2qi32 , aspnc-a2ql89 , aspnc-a2ql90 , aspnc-a2qla0 , aspnc-a2qmk5 , aspnc-a2qn56 , aspnc-a2qs22 , aspnc-a2qti9 , aspnc-a2qtz0 , aspnc-a2quc1 , aspnc-a2qx92 , aspnc-a2qyf0 , aspnc-a2qys7 , aspnc-a2qz72 , aspnc-a2qzn6 , aspnc-a2qzr0 , aspnc-a2qzx0 , aspnc-a2qzx4 , aspnc-a2r0p4 , aspnc-a2r1r5 , aspnc-a2r2i5 , aspnc-a2r5r4 , aspnc-a2r6h5 , aspnc-a2r8r3 , aspnc-a2r8z3 , aspnc-a2r273 , aspnc-a2r496 , aspnc-a2r502 , aspnc-a5abe5 , aspnc-a5abe8 , aspnc-a5abh9 , aspnc-a5abk1 , aspnc-axe1 , aspnc-cuti1 , aspnc-cuti2 , aspng-a2qs46 , aspng-a2qv27 , aspni-EstA , aspkw-g7y0v7 , aspnc-a2qt47 , aspnc-a2qt66 , aspna-g3xpq9 , aspnc-a2qqa1 , aspna-g3xsl3 , aspna-g3y5a6 , aspna-g3xpw9 , aspaw-a0a401kpx5 , aspnc-a2qw57 , aspaw-a0a401kcz4 , aspna-alba , aspna-azac

Title : Comparative genomics of the social amoebae Dictyostelium discoideum and Dictyostelium purpureum - Sucgang_2011_Genome.Biol_12_R20.1
Author(s) : Sucgang R , Kuo A , Tian X , Salerno W , Parikh A , Feasley CL , Dalin E , Tu H , Huang E , Barry K , Lindquist E , Shapiro H , Bruce D , Schmutz J , Salamov A , Fey P , Gaudet P , Anjard C , Babu MM , Basu S , Bushmanova Y , van der Wel H , Katoh-Kurasawa M , Dinh C , Coutinho PM , Saito T , Elias M , Schaap P , Kay RR , Henrissat B , Eichinger L , Rivero F , Putnam NH , West CM , Loomis WF , Chisholm RL , Shaulsky G , Strassmann JE , Queller DC , Kuspa A , Grigoriev IV
Ref : Genome Biol , 12 :R20 , 2011
Abstract : BACKGROUND: The social amoebae (Dictyostelia) are a diverse group of Amoebozoa that achieve multicellularity by aggregation and undergo morphogenesis into fruiting bodies with terminally differentiated spores and stalk cells. There are four groups of dictyostelids, with the most derived being a group that contains the model species Dictyostelium discoideum.
RESULTS: We have produced a draft genome sequence of another group dictyostelid, Dictyostelium purpureum, and compare it to the D. discoideum genome. The assembly (8.41 x coverage) comprises 799 scaffolds totaling 33.0 Mb, comparable to the D. discoideum genome size. Sequence comparisons suggest that these two dictyostelids shared a common ancestor approximately 400 million years ago. In spite of this divergence, most orthologs reside in small clusters of conserved synteny. Comparative analyses revealed a core set of orthologous genes that illuminate dictyostelid physiology, as well as differences in gene family content. Interesting patterns of gene conservation and divergence are also evident, suggesting function differences; some protein families, such as the histidine kinases, have undergone little functional change, whereas others, such as the polyketide synthases, have undergone extensive diversification. The abundant amino acid homopolymers encoded in both genomes are generally not found in homologous positions within proteins, so they are unlikely to derive from ancestral DNA triplet repeats. Genes involved in the social stage evolved more rapidly than others, consistent with either relaxed selection or accelerated evolution due to social conflict.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings from this new genome sequence and comparative analysis shed light on the biology and evolution of the Dictyostelia.
ESTHER : Sucgang_2011_Genome.Biol_12_R20.1
PubMedSearch : Sucgang_2011_Genome.Biol_12_R20.1
PubMedID: 21356102
Gene_locus related to this paper: dicpu-f0z7q0 , dicpu-f0z822 , dicpu-f0zfi0 , dicpu-f0zjs1 , dicpu-f0zks4 , dicpu-f0zmm3 , dicpu-f0zmm8 , dicpu-f0zmm9 , dicpu-f0zni7 , dicpu-f0znl3 , dicpu-f0zq90 , dicpu-f0zvn5 , dicpu-f0zxa4 , dicpu-f0zyf9 , dicpu-f1a3n5 , dicpu-f1a5b4 , dicpu-f1a269 , dicpu-f1a615 , dicpu-f0ztw9 , dicpu-f0zri3 , dicpu-f0zys7

Title : Comparative genome sequence analysis underscores mycoparasitism as the ancestral life style of Trichoderma - Kubicek_2011_Genome.Biol_12_R40
Author(s) : Kubicek CP , Herrera-Estrella A , Seidl-Seiboth V , Martinez DA , Druzhinina IS , Thon M , Zeilinger S , Casas-Flores S , Horwitz BA , Mukherjee PK , Mukherjee M , Kredics L , Alcaraz LD , Aerts A , Antal Z , Atanasova L , Cervantes-Badillo MG , Challacombe J , Chertkov O , McCluskey K , Coulpier F , Deshpande N , von Dohren H , Ebbole DJ , Esquivel-Naranjo EU , Fekete E , Flipphi M , Glaser F , Gomez-Rodriguez EY , Gruber S , Han C , Henrissat B , Hermosa R , Hernandez-Onate M , Karaffa L , Kosti I , Le Crom S , Lindquist E , Lucas S , Lubeck M , Lubeck PS , Margeot A , Metz B , Misra M , Nevalainen H , Omann M , Packer N , Perrone G , Uresti-Rivera EE , Salamov A , Schmoll M , Seiboth B , Shapiro H , Sukno S , Tamayo-Ramos JA , Tisch D , Wiest A , Wilkinson HH , Zhang M , Coutinho PM , Kenerley CM , Monte E , Baker SE , Grigoriev IV
Ref : Genome Biol , 12 :R40 , 2011
Abstract : BACKGROUND: Mycoparasitism, a lifestyle where one fungus is parasitic on another fungus, has special relevance when the prey is a plant pathogen, providing a strategy for biological control of pests for plant protection. Probably, the most studied biocontrol agents are species of the genus Hypocrea/Trichoderma.
RESULTS: Here we report an analysis of the genome sequences of the two biocontrol species Trichoderma atroviride (teleomorph Hypocrea atroviridis) and Trichoderma virens (formerly Gliocladium virens, teleomorph Hypocrea virens), and a comparison with Trichoderma reesei (teleomorph Hypocrea jecorina). These three Trichoderma species display a remarkable conservation of gene order (78 to 96%), and a lack of active mobile elements probably due to repeat-induced point mutation. Several gene families are expanded in the two mycoparasitic species relative to T. reesei or other ascomycetes, and are overrepresented in non-syntenic genome regions. A phylogenetic analysis shows that T. reesei and T. virens are derived relative to T. atroviride. The mycoparasitism-specific genes thus arose in a common Trichoderma ancestor but were subsequently lost in T. reesei.
CONCLUSIONS: The data offer a better understanding of mycoparasitism, and thus enforce the development of improved biocontrol strains for efficient and environmentally friendly protection of plants.
ESTHER : Kubicek_2011_Genome.Biol_12_R40
PubMedSearch : Kubicek_2011_Genome.Biol_12_R40
PubMedID: 21501500
Gene_locus related to this paper: hypai-g9nem6 , hypai-g9ng36 , hypai-g9ngu2 , hypai-g9nks5 , hypai-g9nks6 , hypai-g9nqe5 , hypai-g9nqk5 , hypai-g9nrx6 , hypai-g9nsx1 , hypai-g9ntn3 , hypai-g9nzc9 , hypai-g9nzd7 , hypai-g9p1t1 , hypai-g9p1v2 , hypai-g9p2n8 , hypai-g9p4z2 , hypai-g9p878 , hypai-g9pa17 , hypai-g9pbz9 , hypvg-g9mem8 , hypvg-g9mg52 , hypvg-g9mga2 , hypvg-g9mhi3 , hypvg-g9mjc7 , hypvg-g9mk44 , hypvg-g9mms1 , hypvg-g9mnf0 , hypvg-g9mng3 , hypvg-g9mpt0 , hypvg-g9mrp9 , hypvg-g9ms16 , hypvg-g9ms32 , hypvg-g9msv5 , hypvg-g9muh6 , hypvg-g9muk0 , hypvg-g9mwe2 , hypvg-g9my79 , hypvg-g9n0p7 , hypvg-g9n2g3 , hypvg-g9n2g4 , hypvg-g9n4k5 , hypvg-g9n9n0 , hypvg-g9n561 , hypvg-g9n988 , hypvg-g9nb12 , hypvg-g9nb54 , hypvg-g9nbh8 , hypai-g9npz7 , hypai-g9njw6 , hypvg-g9mx08 , hypvg-g9mlt2 , hypai-g9p4j3 , hypvg-g9nbd3 , hypai-g9nxf6 , hypvg-g9n3y9 , hypvg-g9mgs4 , hypai-g9p6m2 , hypvg-g9my62 , hypvg-g9nbv2 , hypvg-g9my22 , hypai-g9p2e2 , hypai-g9p596 , hypai-g9nf87 , hypvg-g9me87 , hypvg-g9ndn9 , hypai-g9niy5 , hypai-g9ntx6 , hypvg-g9n3e7 , hypai-g9nu29 , hypvg-g9n2z0 , hypvg-g9ndf4 , 9hypo-a0a2p4zt82 , hypvg-g9n0g0 , hypvg-g9muj2 , hypvg-g9mud0 , hypai-g9nkx5

Title : The ecoresponsive genome of Daphnia pulex - Colbourne_2011_Science_331_555
Author(s) : Colbourne JK , Pfrender ME , Gilbert D , Thomas WK , Tucker A , Oakley TH , Tokishita S , Aerts A , Arnold GJ , Basu MK , Bauer DJ , Caceres CE , Carmel L , Casola C , Choi JH , Detter JC , Dong Q , Dusheyko S , Eads BD , Frohlich T , Geiler-Samerotte KA , Gerlach D , Hatcher P , Jogdeo S , Krijgsveld J , Kriventseva EV , Kultz D , Laforsch C , Lindquist E , Lopez J , Manak JR , Muller J , Pangilinan J , Patwardhan RP , Pitluck S , Pritham EJ , Rechtsteiner A , Rho M , Rogozin IB , Sakarya O , Salamov A , Schaack S , Shapiro H , Shiga Y , Skalitzky C , Smith Z , Souvorov A , Sung W , Tang Z , Tsuchiya D , Tu H , Vos H , Wang M , Wolf YI , Yamagata H , Yamada T , Ye Y , Shaw JR , Andrews J , Crease TJ , Tang H , Lucas SM , Robertson HM , Bork P , Koonin EV , Zdobnov EM , Grigoriev IV , Lynch M , Boore JL
Ref : Science , 331 :555 , 2011
Abstract : We describe the draft genome of the microcrustacean Daphnia pulex, which is only 200 megabases and contains at least 30,907 genes. The high gene count is a consequence of an elevated rate of gene duplication resulting in tandem gene clusters. More than a third of Daphnia's genes have no detectable homologs in any other available proteome, and the most amplified gene families are specific to the Daphnia lineage. The coexpansion of gene families interacting within metabolic pathways suggests that the maintenance of duplicated genes is not random, and the analysis of gene expression under different environmental conditions reveals that numerous paralogs acquire divergent expression patterns soon after duplication. Daphnia-specific genes, including many additional loci within sequenced regions that are otherwise devoid of annotations, are the most responsive genes to ecological challenges.
ESTHER : Colbourne_2011_Science_331_555
PubMedSearch : Colbourne_2011_Science_331_555
PubMedID: 21292972
Gene_locus related to this paper: dappu-e9fut0 , dappu-e9fut9 , dappu-e9fvw6 , dappu-e9fxt4 , dappu-e9fyr6 , dappu-e9fzg6 , dappu-e9g1e2 , dappu-e9g1e6 , dappu-e9g1e7 , dappu-e9g1e8 , dappu-e9g1v3 , dappu-e9g1z2 , dappu-e9gb99 , dappu-e9gba0 , dappu-e9gcb4 , dappu-e9gdv5 , dappu-e9gdv7 , dappu-e9gi24 , dappu-e9gj77 , dappu-e9gja7 , dappu-e9gmp5 , dappu-e9gmr0 , dappu-e9gn32 , dappu-e9gp76 , dappu-e9gp82 , dappu-e9gp98 , dappu-e9gp99 , dappu-e9gvl2 , dappu-e9gzn7 , dappu-e9h1p4 , dappu-e9h2c8 , dappu-e9h2c9 , dappu-e9h6x9 , dappu-e9h6y4 , dappu-e9h7w9 , dappu-e9h8r4 , dappu-e9hd06 , dappu-e9hh56 , dappu-e9hh57 , dappu-e9hh59 , dappu-e9hmp4 , dappu-e9hp64 , dappu-e9hp65 , dappu-e9hpy8 , dappu-e9htg8 , dapul-ACHE1 , dapul-ACHE2 , dappu-e9gnj1 , dappu-e9gu36 , dappu-e9hpc4 , dappu-e9gb07 , dappu-e9glp6 , dappu-e9glp5 , dappu-e9gjv2 , dappu-e9h0c7 , dappu-e9g4g2 , dappu-e9gw69 , dappu-e9h3h9 , dappu-e9g545 , dappu-e9gw71 , dappu-e9gw68 , dappu-e9h3e7 , dappu-e9gfg9 , dappu-e9fvy6 , dappu-e9hgt2

Title : The Selaginella genome identifies genetic changes associated with the evolution of vascular plants - Banks_2011_Science_332_960
Author(s) : Banks JA , Nishiyama T , Hasebe M , Bowman JL , Gribskov M , dePamphilis C , Albert VA , Aono N , Aoyama T , Ambrose BA , Ashton NW , Axtell MJ , Barker E , Barker MS , Bennetzen JL , Bonawitz ND , Chapple C , Cheng C , Correa LG , Dacre M , DeBarry J , Dreyer I , Elias M , Engstrom EM , Estelle M , Feng L , Finet C , Floyd SK , Frommer WB , Fujita T , Gramzow L , Gutensohn M , Harholt J , Hattori M , Heyl A , Hirai T , Hiwatashi Y , Ishikawa M , Iwata M , Karol KG , Koehler B , Kolukisaoglu U , Kubo M , Kurata T , Lalonde S , Li K , Li Y , Litt A , Lyons E , Manning G , Maruyama T , Michael TP , Mikami K , Miyazaki S , Morinaga S , Murata T , Mueller-Roeber B , Nelson DR , Obara M , Oguri Y , Olmstead RG , Onodera N , Petersen BL , Pils B , Prigge M , Rensing SA , Riano-Pachon DM , Roberts AW , Sato Y , Scheller HV , Schulz B , Schulz C , Shakirov EV , Shibagaki N , Shinohara N , Shippen DE , Sorensen I , Sotooka R , Sugimoto N , Sugita M , Sumikawa N , Tanurdzic M , Theissen G , Ulvskov P , Wakazuki S , Weng JK , Willats WW , Wipf D , Wolf PG , Yang L , Zimmer AD , Zhu Q , Mitros T , Hellsten U , Loque D , Otillar R , Salamov A , Schmutz J , Shapiro H , Lindquist E , Lucas S , Rokhsar D , Grigoriev IV
Ref : Science , 332 :960 , 2011
Abstract : Vascular plants appeared ~410 million years ago, then diverged into several lineages of which only two survive: the euphyllophytes (ferns and seed plants) and the lycophytes. We report here the genome sequence of the lycophyte Selaginella moellendorffii (Selaginella), the first nonseed vascular plant genome reported. By comparing gene content in evolutionarily diverse taxa, we found that the transition from a gametophyte- to a sporophyte-dominated life cycle required far fewer new genes than the transition from a nonseed vascular to a flowering plant, whereas secondary metabolic genes expanded extensively and in parallel in the lycophyte and angiosperm lineages. Selaginella differs in posttranscriptional gene regulation, including small RNA regulation of repetitive elements, an absence of the trans-acting small interfering RNA pathway, and extensive RNA editing of organellar genes.
ESTHER : Banks_2011_Science_332_960
PubMedSearch : Banks_2011_Science_332_960
PubMedID: 21551031
Gene_locus related to this paper: selml-d8qua5 , selml-d8qva1 , selml-d8qyh7 , selml-d8qza0 , selml-d8r5d4 , selml-d8r6d4 , selml-d8r504 , selml-d8r506 , selml-d8rbi1 , selml-d8rbs1 , selml-d8rck8 , selml-d8rf38 , selml-d8rkl6 , selml-d8rpr1 , selml-d8rpy0 , selml-d8ru47 , selml-d8ry54 , selml-d8rzp6 , selml-d8rzy7 , selml-d8s0c9 , selml-d8s0u3 , selml-d8s2t1 , selml-d8s3z8 , selml-d8s401 , selml-d8sba6 , selml-d8sch9 , selml-d8spq2 , selml-d8sq37 , selml-d8ssx7 , selml-d8swp2 , selml-d8t7a3 , selml-d8t8v4 , selml-d8taz4 , selml-d8tdq6 , selml-d8rai8 , selml-d8qt54 , selml-d8r2d8 , selml-d8rmd3 , selml-d8rra9 , selml-d8slg4 , selml-d8swp0 , selml-d8s7i0 , selml-d8qz37 , selml-d8sz00 , selml-d8s776 , selml-d8qw15 , selml-d8ska7 , selml-d8t0c4 , selml-d8r194 , selml-d8s5m8 , selml-d8s7r2 , selml-d8ta80 , selml-d8ru55

Title : Obligate biotrophy features unraveled by the genomic analysis of rust fungi - Duplessis_2011_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_108_9166
Author(s) : Duplessis S , Cuomo CA , Lin YC , Aerts A , Tisserant E , Veneault-Fourrey C , Joly DL , Hacquard S , Amselem J , Cantarel BL , Chiu R , Coutinho PM , Feau N , Field M , Frey P , Gelhaye E , Goldberg J , Grabherr MG , Kodira CD , Kohler A , Kues U , Lindquist EA , Lucas SM , Mago R , Mauceli E , Morin E , Murat C , Pangilinan JL , Park R , Pearson M , Quesneville H , Rouhier N , Sakthikumar S , Salamov AA , Schmutz J , Selles B , Shapiro H , Tanguay P , Tuskan GA , Henrissat B , Van de Peer Y , Rouze P , Ellis JG , Dodds PN , Schein JE , Zhong S , Hamelin RC , Grigoriev IV , Szabo LJ , Martin F
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 108 :9166 , 2011
Abstract : Rust fungi are some of the most devastating pathogens of crop plants. They are obligate biotrophs, which extract nutrients only from living plant tissues and cannot grow apart from their hosts. Their lifestyle has slowed the dissection of molecular mechanisms underlying host invasion and avoidance or suppression of plant innate immunity. We sequenced the 101-Mb genome of Melampsora larici-populina, the causal agent of poplar leaf rust, and the 89-Mb genome of Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici, the causal agent of wheat and barley stem rust. We then compared the 16,399 predicted proteins of M. larici-populina with the 17,773 predicted proteins of P. graminis f. sp tritici. Genomic features related to their obligate biotrophic lifestyle include expanded lineage-specific gene families, a large repertoire of effector-like small secreted proteins, impaired nitrogen and sulfur assimilation pathways, and expanded families of amino acid and oligopeptide membrane transporters. The dramatic up-regulation of transcripts coding for small secreted proteins, secreted hydrolytic enzymes, and transporters in planta suggests that they play a role in host infection and nutrient acquisition. Some of these genomic hallmarks are mirrored in the genomes of other microbial eukaryotes that have independently evolved to infect plants, indicating convergent adaptation to a biotrophic existence inside plant cells.
ESTHER : Duplessis_2011_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_108_9166
PubMedSearch : Duplessis_2011_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_108_9166
PubMedID: 21536894
Gene_locus related to this paper: pucgt-e3k840 , pucgt-e3kaq6 , pucgt-e3kw59 , pucgt-e3kz16 , pucgt-e3l9v6 , pucgt-e3l279 , pucgt-h6qt25 , mellp-f4reh4 , mellp-f4rhc8 , mellp-f4reh2 , mellp-f4r3y0 , mellp-f4rz15 , mellp-f4rz64 , mellp-f4rl14 , mellp-f4rz66 , mellp-f4s751 , mellp-f4s2g6 , pucgt-e3l1z7 , pucgt-e3l803 , pucgt-e3kst2 , pucgt-e3kst5 , mellp-f4ru03 , pucgt-e3l1z8 , pucgt-e3ktz7 , pucgt-e3jun4 , mellp-f4rl65 , mellp-f4rz16 , mellp-f4ru02 , mellp-f4sav4 , mellp-f4sav3 , mellp-f4s1j0 , mellp-f4rkp0 , mellp-f4s483 , pucgt-e3kzu5 , pucgt-h6qtq8 , mellp-f4r5l5 , pucgt-e3krw7 , pucgt-e3l7w5 , pucgt-e3k2w6 , pucgt-e3kfg2 , pucgt-kex1

Title : Genomic analysis of organismal complexity in the multicellular green alga Volvox carteri - Prochnik_2010_Science_329_223
Author(s) : Prochnik SE , Umen J , Nedelcu AM , Hallmann A , Miller SM , Nishii I , Ferris P , Kuo A , Mitros T , Fritz-Laylin LK , Hellsten U , Chapman J , Simakov O , Rensing SA , Terry A , Pangilinan J , Kapitonov V , Jurka J , Salamov A , Shapiro H , Schmutz J , Grimwood J , Lindquist E , Lucas S , Grigoriev IV , Schmitt R , Kirk D , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Science , 329 :223 , 2010
Abstract : The multicellular green alga Volvox carteri and its morphologically diverse close relatives (the volvocine algae) are well suited for the investigation of the evolution of multicellularity and development. We sequenced the 138-mega-base pair genome of V. carteri and compared its approximately 14,500 predicted proteins to those of its unicellular relative Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Despite fundamental differences in organismal complexity and life history, the two species have similar protein-coding potentials and few species-specific protein-coding gene predictions. Volvox is enriched in volvocine-algal-specific proteins, including those associated with an expanded and highly compartmentalized extracellular matrix. Our analysis shows that increases in organismal complexity can be associated with modifications of lineage-specific proteins rather than large-scale invention of protein-coding capacity.
ESTHER : Prochnik_2010_Science_329_223
PubMedSearch : Prochnik_2010_Science_329_223
PubMedID: 20616280
Gene_locus related to this paper: volca-d8tmz1 , volca-d8tne9 , volca-d8tnn6 , volca-d8tns6 , volca-d8tr92 , volca-d8u2d3 , volca-d8u5r0 , volca-d8u7s7 , volca-d8u7s8 , volca-d8u9w4 , volca-d8u460 , volca-d8uab7 , volca-d8uai0 , volca-d8uev0 , volca-d8uhi9 , volca-d8uiw9 , volca-d8ujv0 , volca-d8uf23 , volca-d8tmz9 , volca-d8u6e0

Title : The genome of Naegleria gruberi illuminates early eukaryotic versatility - Fritz-Laylin_2010_Cell_140_631
Author(s) : Fritz-Laylin LK , Prochnik SE , Ginger ML , Dacks JB , Carpenter ML , Field MC , Kuo A , Paredez A , Chapman J , Pham J , Shu S , Neupane R , Cipriano M , Mancuso J , Tu H , Salamov A , Lindquist E , Shapiro H , Lucas S , Grigoriev IV , Cande WZ , Fulton C , Rokhsar DS , Dawson SC
Ref : Cell , 140 :631 , 2010
Abstract : Genome sequences of diverse free-living protists are essential for understanding eukaryotic evolution and molecular and cell biology. The free-living amoeboflagellate Naegleria gruberi belongs to a varied and ubiquitous protist clade (Heterolobosea) that diverged from other eukaryotic lineages over a billion years ago. Analysis of the 15,727 protein-coding genes encoded by Naegleria's 41 Mb nuclear genome indicates a capacity for both aerobic respiration and anaerobic metabolism with concomitant hydrogen production, with fundamental implications for the evolution of organelle metabolism. The Naegleria genome facilitates substantially broader phylogenomic comparisons of free-living eukaryotes than previously possible, allowing us to identify thousands of genes likely present in the pan-eukaryotic ancestor, with 40% likely eukaryotic inventions. Moreover, we construct a comprehensive catalog of amoeboid-motility genes. The Naegleria genome, analyzed in the context of other protists, reveals a remarkably complex ancestral eukaryote with a rich repertoire of cytoskeletal, sexual, signaling, and metabolic modules.
ESTHER : Fritz-Laylin_2010_Cell_140_631
PubMedSearch : Fritz-Laylin_2010_Cell_140_631
PubMedID: 20211133
Gene_locus related to this paper: naegr-d2ux86 , naegr-d2uyl7 , naegr-d2uyn1 , naegr-d2uzk6 , naegr-d2uzp4 , naegr-d2v1m1 , naegr-d2v3p5 , naegr-d2v5p1 , naegr-d2v6f6 , naegr-d2v6y9 , naegr-d2v8x8 , naegr-d2v186 , naegr-d2v339 , naegr-d2v556 , naegr-d2vbq7 , naegr-d2vdq6 , naegr-d2ve51 , naegr-d2vga2 , naegr-d2vgm9 , naegr-d2vh14 , naegr-d2vha2 , naegr-d2vj80 , naegr-d2vjj7 , naegr-d2vl41 , naegr-d2vmj5 , naegr-d2vms7 , naegr-d2vqi5 , naegr-d2vr44 , naegr-d2vrq2 , naegr-d2vs01 , naegr-d2vs58 , naegr-d2vts5 , naegr-d2vu69 , naegr-d2vvg8 , naegr-d2vxp2 , naegr-d2vyl1 , naegr-d2vzy5 , naegr-d2w0l5 , naegr-d2w0v9 , naegr-d2w3g8 , naegr-d2w3v7 , naegr-d2w3v8 , naegr-d2vct1

Title : Genome, transcriptome, and secretome analysis of wood decay fungus Postia placenta supports unique mechanisms of lignocellulose conversion - Martinez_2009_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_106_1954
Author(s) : Martinez D , Challacombe J , Morgenstern I , Hibbett D , Schmoll M , Kubicek CP , Ferreira P , Ruiz-Duenas FJ , Martinez AT , Kersten P , Hammel KE , Vanden Wymelenberg A , Gaskell J , Lindquist E , Sabat G , Bondurant SS , Larrondo LF , Canessa P , Vicuna R , Yadav J , Doddapaneni H , Subramanian V , Pisabarro AG , Lavin JL , Oguiza JA , Master E , Henrissat B , Coutinho PM , Harris P , Magnuson JK , Baker SE , Bruno K , Kenealy W , Hoegger PJ , Kues U , Ramaiya P , Lucas S , Salamov A , Shapiro H , Tu H , Chee CL , Misra M , Xie G , Teter S , Yaver D , James T , Mokrejs M , Pospisek M , Grigoriev IV , Brettin T , Rokhsar D , Berka R , Cullen D
Ref : Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A , 106 :1954 , 2009
Abstract : Brown-rot fungi such as Postia placenta are common inhabitants of forest ecosystems and are also largely responsible for the destructive decay of wooden structures. Rapid depolymerization of cellulose is a distinguishing feature of brown-rot, but the biochemical mechanisms and underlying genetics are poorly understood. Systematic examination of the P. placenta genome, transcriptome, and secretome revealed unique extracellular enzyme systems, including an unusual repertoire of extracellular glycoside hydrolases. Genes encoding exocellobiohydrolases and cellulose-binding domains, typical of cellulolytic microbes, are absent in this efficient cellulose-degrading fungus. When P. placenta was grown in medium containing cellulose as sole carbon source, transcripts corresponding to many hemicellulases and to a single putative beta-1-4 endoglucanase were expressed at high levels relative to glucose-grown cultures. These transcript profiles were confirmed by direct identification of peptides by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Also up-regulated during growth on cellulose medium were putative iron reductases, quinone reductase, and structurally divergent oxidases potentially involved in extracellular generation of Fe(II) and H(2)O(2). These observations are consistent with a biodegradative role for Fenton chemistry in which Fe(II) and H(2)O(2) react to form hydroxyl radicals, highly reactive oxidants capable of depolymerizing cellulose. The P. placenta genome resources provide unparalleled opportunities for investigating such unusual mechanisms of cellulose conversion. More broadly, the genome offers insight into the diversification of lignocellulose degrading mechanisms in fungi. Comparisons with the closely related white-rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium support an evolutionary shift from white-rot to brown-rot during which the capacity for efficient depolymerization of lignin was lost.
ESTHER : Martinez_2009_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_106_1954
PubMedSearch : Martinez_2009_Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A_106_1954
PubMedID: 19193860
Gene_locus related to this paper: pospm-b8p1f3 , pospm-b8p2q7 , pospm-b8p4n0 , pospm-b8p4n9 , pospm-b8p5g9 , pospm-b8p5r9 , pospm-b8p6h2 , pospm-b8p7b1 , pospm-b8p7c4 , pospm-b8p8w7 , pospm-b8p9j1 , pospm-b8p164 , pospm-b8p280 , pospm-b8p423.1 , pospm-b8p423.2 , pospm-b8p858 , pospm-b8pam2 , pospm-b8pam5 , pospm-b8pb68 , pospm-b8pbm3 , pospm-b8pc54 , pospm-b8pc56 , pospm-b8pce4 , pospm-b8pd91 , pospm-b8pdk6 , pospm-b8ph32 , pospm-b8ph43 , pospm-b8phc9 , pospm-b8php7 , pospm-b8phy5 , pospm-b8pjg8 , pospm-b8pji9 , pospm-b8plr5 , pospm-b8pmk3 , pospm-b8pfg0 , pospm-b8pg35 , pospm-b8pa20.1 , pospm-b8pa20.2 , pospm-b8p4g8 , pospm-b8phn6

Title : The genome of Nectria haematococca: contribution of supernumerary chromosomes to gene expansion - Coleman_2009_PLoS.Genet_5_e1000618
Author(s) : Coleman JJ , Rounsley SD , Rodriguez-Carres M , Kuo A , Wasmann CC , Grimwood J , Schmutz J , Taga M , White GJ , Zhou S , Schwartz DC , Freitag M , Ma LJ , Danchin EG , Henrissat B , Coutinho PM , Nelson DR , Straney D , Napoli CA , Barker BM , Gribskov M , Rep M , Kroken S , Molnar I , Rensing C , Kennell JC , Zamora J , Farman ML , Selker EU , Salamov A , Shapiro H , Pangilinan J , Lindquist E , Lamers C , Grigoriev IV , Geiser DM , Covert SF , Temporini E , Vanetten HD
Ref : PLoS Genet , 5 :e1000618 , 2009
Abstract : The ascomycetous fungus Nectria haematococca, (asexual name Fusarium solani), is a member of a group of >50 species known as the "Fusarium solani species complex". Members of this complex have diverse biological properties including the ability to cause disease on >100 genera of plants and opportunistic infections in humans. The current research analyzed the most extensively studied member of this complex, N. haematococca mating population VI (MPVI). Several genes controlling the ability of individual isolates of this species to colonize specific habitats are located on supernumerary chromosomes. Optical mapping revealed that the sequenced isolate has 17 chromosomes ranging from 530 kb to 6.52 Mb and that the physical size of the genome, 54.43 Mb, and the number of predicted genes, 15,707, are among the largest reported for ascomycetes. Two classes of genes have contributed to gene expansion: specific genes that are not found in other fungi including its closest sequenced relative, Fusarium graminearum; and genes that commonly occur as single copies in other fungi but are present as multiple copies in N. haematococca MPVI. Some of these additional genes appear to have resulted from gene duplication events, while others may have been acquired through horizontal gene transfer. The supernumerary nature of three chromosomes, 14, 15, and 17, was confirmed by their absence in pulsed field gel electrophoresis experiments of some isolates and by demonstrating that these isolates lacked chromosome-specific sequences found on the ends of these chromosomes. These supernumerary chromosomes contain more repeat sequences, are enriched in unique and duplicated genes, and have a lower G+C content in comparison to the other chromosomes. Although the origin(s) of the extra genes and the supernumerary chromosomes is not known, the gene expansion and its large genome size are consistent with this species' diverse range of habitats. Furthermore, the presence of unique genes on supernumerary chromosomes might account for individual isolates having different environmental niches.
ESTHER : Coleman_2009_PLoS.Genet_5_e1000618
PubMedSearch : Coleman_2009_PLoS.Genet_5_e1000618
PubMedID: 19714214
Gene_locus related to this paper: fusso-cutas , nech7-c7yh18 , nech7-c7yir8 , nech7-c7yiz6 , nech7-c7yjl4 , nech7-c7yjp7 , nech7-c7yjq0 , nech7-c7ymg9 , nech7-c7ymv6 , nech7-c7yna5 , nech7-c7ynt6 , nech7-c7yq59 , nech7-c7yq86 , nech7-c7yqb0 , nech7-c7yqx3 , nech7-c7ysz7 , nech7-c7ysz8 , nech7-c7ytb2 , nech7-c7yum7 , nech7-c7yvb1 , nech7-c7yvb8 , nech7-c7yvf1 , nech7-c7yvq8 , nech7-c7yw21 , nech7-c7yx47 , nech7-c7yx92 , nech7-c7yxe7 , nech7-c7yxq5 , nech7-c7yxz4 , nech7-c7yy47 , nech7-c7yyj7 , nech7-c7yym7 , nech7-c7z0d7 , nech7-c7z0s1 , nech7-c7z1g9 , nech7-c7z1k9 , nech7-c7z2k4 , nech7-c7z2m9 , nech7-c7z2z2 , nech7-c7z3z3 , nech7-c7z4a4 , nech7-c7z5n1 , nech7-c7z5y2 , nech7-c7z6g5 , nech7-c7z7d0 , nech7-c7z7w8 , nech7-c7z8q7 , nech7-c7z9e7 , nech7-c7z073 , nech7-c7z354 , nech7-c7z389 , nech7-c7z688 , nech7-c7z855 , nech7-c7z987 , nech7-c7za94 , nech7-c7zah0 , nech7-c7zb79 , nech7-c7zbr8 , nech7-c7zcd1 , nech7-c7zdx8 , nech7-c7ze42 , nech7-c7ze84 , nech7-c7zed8 , nech7-c7zeh0 , nech7-c7zes2 , nech7-c7zgw2 , nech7-c7zha0 , nech7-c7zhy2 , nech7-c7zi55 , nech7-c7zig4 , nech7-c7zjg0 , nech7-c7zjv2 , nech7-c7zk96 , nech7-c7zkb5 , nech7-c7zkh4 , nech7-c7zla9 , nech7-c7zld2 , nech7-c7zlz1 , nech7-c7zm00 , nech7-c7zmn4 , nech7-c7zmu6 , nech7-c7zp06 , nech7-c7zp78 , nech7-c7zq58 , nech7-c7zq86 , nech7-c7zqb5 , nech7-c7zqk4 , nech7-c7zqp9 , nech7-c7zr59 , nech7-c7zrh2 , nech7-c7zrh3 , nech7-dapb , nech7-kex1 , nech7-c7zgl9 , nech7-c7z935 , nech7-c7znc0 , nech7-c7yiq8 , nech7-c7yiq7 , nech7-c7zhu0 , nech7-c7yw61 , nech7-c7yqd3 , nech7-c7zkb6 , nech7-c7z3b4 , nech7-c7ytr4 , nech7-c7zgf7 , 9hypo-a0a3m2s2j6 , nech7-c7yq54 , fusv7-cbpya

Title : The Phaeodactylum genome reveals the evolutionary history of diatom genomes - Bowler_2008_Nature_456_239
Author(s) : Bowler C , Allen AE , Badger JH , Grimwood J , Jabbari K , Kuo A , Maheswari U , Martens C , Maumus F , Otillar RP , Rayko E , Salamov A , Vandepoele K , Beszteri B , Gruber A , Heijde M , Katinka M , Mock T , Valentin K , Verret F , Berges JA , Brownlee C , Cadoret JP , Chiovitti A , Choi CJ , Coesel S , De Martino A , Detter JC , Durkin C , Falciatore A , Fournet J , Haruta M , Huysman MJ , Jenkins BD , Jiroutova K , Jorgensen RE , Joubert Y , Kaplan A , Kroger N , Kroth PG , La Roche J , Lindquist E , Lommer M , Martin-Jezequel V , Lopez PJ , Lucas S , Mangogna M , McGinnis K , Medlin LK , Montsant A , Oudot-Le Secq MP , Napoli C , Obornik M , Parker MS , Petit JL , Porcel BM , Poulsen N , Robison M , Rychlewski L , Rynearson TA , Schmutz J , Shapiro H , Siaut M , Stanley M , Sussman MR , Taylor AR , Vardi A , von Dassow P , Vyverman W , Willis A , Wyrwicz LS , Rokhsar DS , Weissenbach J , Armbrust EV , Green BR , Van de Peer Y , Grigoriev IV
Ref : Nature , 456 :239 , 2008
Abstract : Diatoms are photosynthetic secondary endosymbionts found throughout marine and freshwater environments, and are believed to be responsible for around one-fifth of the primary productivity on Earth. The genome sequence of the marine centric diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana was recently reported, revealing a wealth of information about diatom biology. Here we report the complete genome sequence of the pennate diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum and compare it with that of T. pseudonana to clarify evolutionary origins, functional significance and ubiquity of these features throughout diatoms. In spite of the fact that the pennate and centric lineages have only been diverging for 90 million years, their genome structures are dramatically different and a substantial fraction of genes ( approximately 40%) are not shared by these representatives of the two lineages. Analysis of molecular divergence compared with yeasts and metazoans reveals rapid rates of gene diversification in diatoms. Contributing factors include selective gene family expansions, differential losses and gains of genes and introns, and differential mobilization of transposable elements. Most significantly, we document the presence of hundreds of genes from bacteria. More than 300 of these gene transfers are found in both diatoms, attesting to their ancient origins, and many are likely to provide novel possibilities for metabolite management and for perception of environmental signals. These findings go a long way towards explaining the incredible diversity and success of the diatoms in contemporary oceans.
ESTHER : Bowler_2008_Nature_456_239
PubMedSearch : Bowler_2008_Nature_456_239
PubMedID: 18923393
Gene_locus related to this paper: phatc-b7fp91 , phatc-b7fqd3 , phatc-b7frf9 , phatc-b7fry8 , phatc-b7ftw8 , phatc-b7fv70 , phatc-b7fw66 , phatc-b7g2b2 , phatc-b7g5z5 , phatc-b7g6f1 , phatc-b7g6r8 , phatc-b7g957 , phatc-b7ga73 , phatc-b7gb22 , phatc-b7gc60 , phatc-b7gdm3 , phatc-b7gdq6 , phatc-b7ge82 , phatc-b7gee0 , phatr-b7frs5 , phatr-b7g1k3 , phatr-b7s4a4 , thaps-b8bsy4 , thaps-b8cfn8 , phatc-b7g635 , phatc-b7gaj3 , thaps-b8c079

Title : The genome of the choanoflagellate Monosiga brevicollis and the origin of metazoans - King_2008_Nature_451_783
Author(s) : King N , Westbrook MJ , Young SL , Kuo A , Abedin M , Chapman J , Fairclough S , Hellsten U , Isogai Y , Letunic I , Marr M , Pincus D , Putnam N , Rokas A , Wright KJ , Zuzow R , Dirks W , Good M , Goodstein D , Lemons D , Li W , Lyons JB , Morris A , Nichols S , Richter DJ , Salamov A , Sequencing JG , Bork P , Lim WA , Manning G , Miller WT , McGinnis W , Shapiro H , Tjian R , Grigoriev IV , Rokhsar D
Ref : Nature , 451 :783 , 2008
Abstract : Choanoflagellates are the closest known relatives of metazoans. To discover potential molecular mechanisms underlying the evolution of metazoan multicellularity, we sequenced and analysed the genome of the unicellular choanoflagellate Monosiga brevicollis. The genome contains approximately 9,200 intron-rich genes, including a number that encode cell adhesion and signalling protein domains that are otherwise restricted to metazoans. Here we show that the physical linkages among protein domains often differ between M. brevicollis and metazoans, suggesting that abundant domain shuffling followed the separation of the choanoflagellate and metazoan lineages. The completion of the M. brevicollis genome allows us to reconstruct with increasing resolution the genomic changes that accompanied the origin of metazoans.
ESTHER : King_2008_Nature_451_783
PubMedSearch : King_2008_Nature_451_783
PubMedID: 18273011
Gene_locus related to this paper: monbe-a9up87 , monbe-a9uq69 , monbe-a9uq70 , monbe-a9uqa7 , monbe-a9urz6 , monbe-a9usu1 , monbe-a9usy8 , monbe-a9uta2 , monbe-a9uu09 , monbe-a9uxl2 , monbe-a9uy23 , monbe-a9uy95 , monbe-a9uym3 , monbe-a9uyw1 , monbe-a9uzc1 , monbe-a9v0e1 , monbe-a9v2b0 , monbe-a9v3a5 , monbe-a9v3t2 , monbe-a9v4h5 , monbe-a9v6i1 , monbe-a9v7b2 , monbe-a9v7c1 , monbe-a9v8k9 , monbe-a9v8u8 , monbe-a9v9i9 , monbe-a9v9k6 , monbe-a9v028 , monbe-a9v108 , monbe-a9v315 , monbe-a9v345 , monbe-a9v368 , monbe-a9v719 , monbe-a9v871 , monbe-a9vac5 , monbe-a9vah5 , monbe-a9van7 , monbe-a9vbp2 , monbe-a9vcn6 , monbe-a9vd99 , monbe-a9vdj5 , monbe-a9vag0

Title : The Physcomitrella genome reveals evolutionary insights into the conquest of land by plants - Rensing_2008_Science_319_64
Author(s) : Rensing SA , Lang D , Zimmer AD , Terry A , Salamov A , Shapiro H , Nishiyama T , Perroud PF , Lindquist EA , Kamisugi Y , Tanahashi T , Sakakibara K , Fujita T , Oishi K , Shin IT , Kuroki Y , Toyoda A , Suzuki Y , Hashimoto S , Yamaguchi K , Sugano S , Kohara Y , Fujiyama A , Anterola A , Aoki S , Ashton N , Barbazuk WB , Barker E , Bennetzen JL , Blankenship R , Cho SH , Dutcher SK , Estelle M , Fawcett JA , Gundlach H , Hanada K , Heyl A , Hicks KA , Hughes J , Lohr M , Mayer K , Melkozernov A , Murata T , Nelson DR , Pils B , Prigge M , Reiss B , Renner T , Rombauts S , Rushton PJ , Sanderfoot A , Schween G , Shiu SH , Stueber K , Theodoulou FL , Tu H , Van de Peer Y , Verrier PJ , Waters E , Wood A , Yang L , Cove D , Cuming AC , Hasebe M , Lucas S , Mishler BD , Reski R , Grigoriev IV , Quatrano RS , Boore JL
Ref : Science , 319 :64 , 2008
Abstract : We report the draft genome sequence of the model moss Physcomitrella patens and compare its features with those of flowering plants, from which it is separated by more than 400 million years, and unicellular aquatic algae. This comparison reveals genomic changes concomitant with the evolutionary movement to land, including a general increase in gene family complexity; loss of genes associated with aquatic environments (e.g., flagellar arms); acquisition of genes for tolerating terrestrial stresses (e.g., variation in temperature and water availability); and the development of the auxin and abscisic acid signaling pathways for coordinating multicellular growth and dehydration response. The Physcomitrella genome provides a resource for phylogenetic inferences about gene function and for experimental analysis of plant processes through this plant's unique facility for reverse genetics.
ESTHER : Rensing_2008_Science_319_64
PubMedSearch : Rensing_2008_Science_319_64
PubMedID: 18079367
Gene_locus related to this paper: phypa-a9rbi6 , phypa-a9rfh1 , phypa-a9rg19 , phypa-a9rgt9 , phypa-a9rhz9 , phypa-a9rkj1 , phypa-a9rns2 , phypa-a9rp52 , phypa-a9rq03 , phypa-a9ry17 , phypa-a9ry72 , phypa-a9s5n8 , phypa-a9s6w1 , phypa-a9s8c7 , phypa-a9s299 , phypa-a9san7 , phypa-a9sc75 , phypa-a9se75 , phypa-a9sg07 , phypa-a9skf7 , phypa-a9skr1 , phypa-a9skw1 , phypa-a9sl58 , phypa-a9slp7 , phypa-a9smq5 , phypa-a9sp13 , phypa-a9ssb0 , phypa-a9sse1 , phypa-a9ssf6 , phypa-a9st85 , phypa-a9sx74 , phypa-a9sy58 , phypa-a9syy4 , phypa-a9t0n4 , phypa-a9t0p4 , phypa-a9t1j2 , phypa-a9t5h1 , phypa-a9t7g6 , phypa-a9t8u8 , phypa-a9t9c9 , phypa-a9t9d9 , phypa-a0a7i4d2t7 , phypa-a9t498 , phypa-a9tbu4 , phypa-a9tc36 , phypa-a9tds0 , phypa-a9te64 , phypa-a9tfw2 , phypa-a9tin6 , phypa-a9tja4 , phypa-a9tmp3 , phypa-a9tmr4 , phypa-a9tql4 , phypa-a9tr83 , phypa-a9tsl1 , phypa-a9tsv6 , phypa-a9tu05 , phypa-a9tw81 , phypa-a9tyr8 , phypa-a9u0c9 , phypa-a9u0k3 , phypa-a9u0p4 , phypa-a9u2u7 , phypa-a9u3s0 , phypa-a9tfm7 , phypa-a9tfp6 , phypa-a9syg9 , phypa-a9tzk2 , phypa-a9tvg4 , phypa-a9t1y4 , phypa-a9tqt6 , phypa-a9st18 , phypa-a9tix9 , phypa-a0a2k1kfe3 , phypa-a9sqk3 , phypa-a0a2k1ie71 , phypa-a0a2k1kg29 , phypa-a0a2k1iji3

Title : The Trichoplax genome and the nature of placozoans - Srivastava_2008_Nature_454_955
Author(s) : Srivastava M , Begovic E , Chapman J , Putnam NH , Hellsten U , Kawashima T , Kuo A , Mitros T , Salamov A , Carpenter ML , Signorovitch AY , Moreno MA , Kamm K , Grimwood J , Schmutz J , Shapiro H , Grigoriev IV , Buss LW , Schierwater B , Dellaporta SL , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Nature , 454 :955 , 2008
Abstract : As arguably the simplest free-living animals, placozoans may represent a primitive metazoan form, yet their biology is poorly understood. Here we report the sequencing and analysis of the approximately 98 million base pair nuclear genome of the placozoan Trichoplax adhaerens. Whole-genome phylogenetic analysis suggests that placozoans belong to a 'eumetazoan' clade that includes cnidarians and bilaterians, with sponges as the earliest diverging animals. The compact genome shows conserved gene content, gene structure and synteny in relation to the human and other complex eumetazoan genomes. Despite the apparent cellular and organismal simplicity of Trichoplax, its genome encodes a rich array of transcription factor and signalling pathway genes that are typically associated with diverse cell types and developmental processes in eumetazoans, motivating further searches for cryptic cellular complexity and/or as yet unobserved life history stages.
ESTHER : Srivastava_2008_Nature_454_955
PubMedSearch : Srivastava_2008_Nature_454_955
PubMedID: 18719581
Gene_locus related to this paper: triad-b3rka6 , triad-b3rkc3 , triad-b3rkc4 , triad-b3rkc5 , triad-b3rkr2 , triad-b3rks9 , triad-b3rkt0 , triad-b3rl14 , triad-b3rls2 , triad-b3rnj7 , triad-b3rnw5 , triad-b3rrr2 , triad-b3rsh1 , triad-b3rsh3 , triad-b3rty7 , triad-b3ru11 , triad-b3rur2 , triad-b3rut0 , triad-b3rvc1 , triad-b3rw12 , triad-b3rwp0 , triad-b3rwr4 , triad-b3rxn2 , triad-b3ry59 , triad-b3s1y9 , triad-b3s3d8 , triad-b3s3e9 , triad-b3s8a0 , triad-b3s9x4 , triad-b3s445 , triad-b3s449 , triad-b3s478 , triad-b3s705 , triad-b3s706 , triad-b3s898 , triad-b3s899 , triad-b3s949 , triad-b3s950 , triad-b3sa20 , triad-b3sa22 , triad-b3sa23 , triad-b3sa24 , triad-b3sa25 , triad-b3sa26 , triad-b3sa27 , triad-b3sa28 , triad-b3sa29 , triad-b3sa31 , triad-b3sa33 , triad-b3sa34 , triad-b3sa36 , triad-b3sb39 , triad-b3scd3 , triad-b3scg3 , triad-b3scg4 , triad-b3scr3 , triad-b3seb0 , triad-b3seb1 , triad-b3seu9 , triad-b3sf12 , triad-b3rt61 , triad-b3rt62 , triad-b3rj15 , triad-b3sdi1

Title : The Chlamydomonas genome reveals the evolution of key animal and plant functions - Merchant_2007_Science_318_245
Author(s) : Merchant SS , Prochnik SE , Vallon O , Harris EH , Karpowicz SJ , Witman GB , Terry A , Salamov A , Fritz-Laylin LK , Marechal-Drouard L , Marshall WF , Qu LH , Nelson DR , Sanderfoot AA , Spalding MH , Kapitonov VV , Ren Q , Ferris P , Lindquist E , Shapiro H , Lucas SM , Grimwood J , Schmutz J , Cardol P , Cerutti H , Chanfreau G , Chen CL , Cognat V , Croft MT , Dent R , Dutcher S , Fernandez E , Fukuzawa H , Gonzalez-Ballester D , Gonzalez-Halphen D , Hallmann A , Hanikenne M , Hippler M , Inwood W , Jabbari K , Kalanon M , Kuras R , Lefebvre PA , Lemaire SD , Lobanov AV , Lohr M , Manuell A , Meier I , Mets L , Mittag M , Mittelmeier T , Moroney JV , Moseley J , Napoli C , Nedelcu AM , Niyogi K , Novoselov SV , Paulsen IT , Pazour G , Purton S , Ral JP , Riano-Pachon DM , Riekhof W , Rymarquis L , Schroda M , Stern D , Umen J , Willows R , Wilson N , Zimmer SL , Allmer J , Balk J , Bisova K , Chen CJ , Elias M , Gendler K , Hauser C , Lamb MR , Ledford H , Long JC , Minagawa J , Page MD , Pan J , Pootakham W , Roje S , Rose A , Stahlberg E , Terauchi AM , Yang P , Ball S , Bowler C , Dieckmann CL , Gladyshev VN , Green P , Jorgensen R , Mayfield S , Mueller-Roeber B , Rajamani S , Sayre RT , Brokstein P , Dubchak I , Goodstein D , Hornick L , Huang YW , Jhaveri J , Luo Y , Martinez D , Ngau WC , Otillar B , Poliakov A , Porter A , Szajkowski L , Werner G , Zhou K , Grigoriev IV , Rokhsar DS , Grossman AR
Ref : Science , 318 :245 , 2007
Abstract : Chlamydomonas reinhardtii is a unicellular green alga whose lineage diverged from land plants over 1 billion years ago. It is a model system for studying chloroplast-based photosynthesis, as well as the structure, assembly, and function of eukaryotic flagella (cilia), which were inherited from the common ancestor of plants and animals, but lost in land plants. We sequenced the approximately 120-megabase nuclear genome of Chlamydomonas and performed comparative phylogenomic analyses, identifying genes encoding uncharacterized proteins that are likely associated with the function and biogenesis of chloroplasts or eukaryotic flagella. Analyses of the Chlamydomonas genome advance our understanding of the ancestral eukaryotic cell, reveal previously unknown genes associated with photosynthetic and flagellar functions, and establish links between ciliopathy and the composition and function of flagella.
ESTHER : Merchant_2007_Science_318_245
PubMedSearch : Merchant_2007_Science_318_245
PubMedID: 17932292
Gene_locus related to this paper: chlre-a0a2k3e2k6 , chlre-a8hmd4 , chlre-a8hqa9 , chlre-a8htq0 , chlre-a8hus6.1 , chlre-a8hus6.2 , chlre-a8icg4 , chlre-a8iwm0 , chlre-a8ize5 , chlre-a8j2s9 , chlre-a8j5w6 , chlre-a8j7f8 , chlre-a8j8u9 , chlre-a8j8v0 , chlre-a8j9u6 , chlre-a8j143 , chlre-a8j248 , chlre-a8jd32 , chlre-a8jd42 , chlre-a8jgj2 , chlre-a8jhc8 , chlre-a8jhe5 , chlre-a8iwj1 , chlre-a8j7d5 , chlre-a0a2k3dii0

Title : Sea anemone genome reveals ancestral eumetazoan gene repertoire and genomic organization - Putnam_2007_Science_317_86
Author(s) : Putnam NH , Srivastava M , Hellsten U , Dirks B , Chapman J , Salamov A , Terry A , Shapiro H , Lindquist E , Kapitonov VV , Jurka J , Genikhovich G , Grigoriev IV , Lucas SM , Steele RE , Finnerty JR , Technau U , Martindale MQ , Rokhsar DS
Ref : Science , 317 :86 , 2007
Abstract : Sea anemones are seemingly primitive animals that, along with corals, jellyfish, and hydras, constitute the oldest eumetazoan phylum, the Cnidaria. Here, we report a comparative analysis of the draft genome of an emerging cnidarian model, the starlet sea anemone Nematostella vectensis. The sea anemone genome is complex, with a gene repertoire, exon-intron structure, and large-scale gene linkage more similar to vertebrates than to flies or nematodes, implying that the genome of the eumetazoan ancestor was similarly complex. Nearly one-fifth of the inferred genes of the ancestor are eumetazoan novelties, which are enriched for animal functions like cell signaling, adhesion, and synaptic transmission. Analysis of diverse pathways suggests that these gene "inventions" along the lineage leading to animals were likely already well integrated with preexisting eukaryotic genes in the eumetazoan progenitor.
ESTHER : Putnam_2007_Science_317_86
PubMedSearch : Putnam_2007_Science_317_86
PubMedID: 17615350
Gene_locus related to this paper: nemve-a7rfc6 , nemve-a7rhs0 , nemve-a7rhw2 , nemve-a7ric9 , nemve-a7riu9 , nemve-a7rk54 , nemve-a7rlg8 , nemve-a7rlv4 , nemve-a7rn07 , nemve-a7rn08 , nemve-a7rn68 , nemve-a7rnv3 , nemve-a7rpb3 , nemve-a7rpq4 , nemve-a7rqa8 , nemve-a7rqw3 , nemve-a7rwv1 , nemve-a7rxl6 , nemve-a7s1d5 , nemve-a7s3l3 , nemve-a7s3q1 , nemve-a7s5u3 , nemve-a7s6g4 , nemve-a7s6s7 , nemve-a7sa46 , nemve-a7sbd9 , nemve-a7sbe0 , nemve-a7sbm6 , nemve-a7scy7 , nemve-a7sex0 , nemve-a7sfa0 , nemve-a7sff3 , nemve-a7sgb1 , nemve-a7shf2 , nemve-a7siv4 , nemve-a7sj77 , nemve-a7sjw1 , nemve-a7skr3 , nemve-a7slm1 , nemve-a7slm2 , nemve-a7sp35 , nemve-a7sq47 , nemve-a7sq73 , nemve-a7sqk0 , nemve-a7su21 , nemve-a7su25 , nemve-a7svn0 , nemve-a7svu2 , nemve-a7sx21 , nemve-a7syk4 , nemve-a7t3e6 , nemve-a7suy2 , nemve-a7s803 , nemve-a7t3m9 , nemve-a0a1t4jh34 , nemve-a7rvd5 , nemve-a7rhu9 , nemve-a7si15

Title : Genome sequence of the lignocellulose-bioconverting and xylose-fermenting yeast Pichia stipitis - Jeffries_2007_Nat.Biotechnol_25_319
Author(s) : Jeffries TW , Grigoriev IV , Grimwood J , Laplaza JM , Aerts A , Salamov A , Schmutz J , Lindquist E , Dehal P , Shapiro H , Jin YS , Passoth V , Richardson PM
Ref : Nat Biotechnol , 25 :319 , 2007
Abstract : Xylose is a major constituent of plant lignocellulose, and its fermentation is important for the bioconversion of plant biomass to fuels and chemicals. Pichia stipitis is a well-studied, native xylose-fermenting yeast. The mechanism and regulation of xylose metabolism in P. stipitis have been characterized and genes from P. stipitis have been used to engineer xylose metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We have sequenced and assembled the complete genome of P. stipitis. The sequence data have revealed unusual aspects of genome organization, numerous genes for bioconversion, a preliminary insight into regulation of central metabolic pathways and several examples of colocalized genes with related functions. The genome sequence provides insight into how P. stipitis regulates its redox balance while very efficiently fermenting xylose under microaerobic conditions.
ESTHER : Jeffries_2007_Nat.Biotechnol_25_319
PubMedSearch : Jeffries_2007_Nat.Biotechnol_25_319
PubMedID: 17334359
Gene_locus related to this paper: picst-a3geu9 , picst-a3gfu2 , picst-a3ggh9 , picst-a3gha8 , picst-a3ghe3 , picst-a3gi73 , picst-a3lmu3 , picst-a3ln06 , picst-a3ln59 , picst-a3lnv8 , picst-a3lp77 , picst-a3lqt4 , picst-a3lrt0 , picst-a3ls15 , picst-a3lsj8 , picst-a3lu11 , picst-a3luu0 , picst-a3lv87 , picst-a3lvi5 , picst-a3lvu9 , picst-a3lvv2 , picst-a3lwa4 , picst-a3lxl2 , picst-a3lxs8 , picst-a3lyi3 , picst-atg15 , picst-bna7 , picst-a3lyh1 , picst-a3lnc5 , picst-a3lr32