Scott J

References (12)

Title : A Protease-Activated Fluorescent Probe Allows Rapid Visualization of Keratinocyte Carcinoma during Excision - Walker_2020_Cancer.Res_80_2045
Author(s) : Walker E , Liu Y , Kim I , Biro M , Iyer SR , Ezaldein H , Scott J , Merati M , Mistur R , Zhou B , Straight B , Yim JJ , Bogyo M , Mann M , Wilson DL , Basilion JP , Popkin DL
Ref : Cancer Research , 80 :2045 , 2020
Abstract : Keratinocyte carcinomas, including basal and squamous cell carcinomas, are the most common human cancers worldwide. While 75% of all keratinocyte carcinoma (4 million annual cases in the United States) are treated with conventional excision, this surgical modality has much lower cure rates than Mohs micrographic surgery, likely due to the bread-loaf histopathologic assessment that visualizes <1% of the tissue margins. A quenched protease-activated fluorescent probe 6qcNIR, which produces a signal only in the protease-rich tumor microenvironment, was topically applied to 90 specimens ex vivo immediately following excision. "Puzzle-fit" analysis was used to correlate the fluorescent images with histology. Probe-dependent fluorescent images correlated with cancer determined by conventional histology. Point-of-care fluorescent detection of skin cancer had a clinically relevant sensitivity of 0.73 and corresponding specificity of 0.88. Importantly, clinicians were effectively trained to read fluorescent images within 15 minutes with reliability and confidence, resulting in sensitivities of 62%-78% and specificities of 92%-97%. Fluorescent imaging using 6qcNIR allows 100% tumor margin assessment by generating en face images that correlate with histology and may be used to overcome the limitations of conventional bread-loaf histology. The utility of 6qcNIR was validated in a busy real-world clinical setting, and clinicians were trained to effectively read fluorescent margins with a short guided instruction, highlighting clinical adaptability. When used in conventional excision, this approach may result in higher cure rates at a lower cost by allowing same-day reexcision when needed, reducing patient anxiety and improving compliance by expediting postsurgical specimen assessment. SIGNIFICANCE: A fluorescent-probe-tumor-visualization platform was developed and validated in human keratinocyte carcinoma excision specimens that may provide simple, rapid, and global assessment of margins during skin cancer excision, allowing same-day reexcision when needed.
ESTHER : Walker_2020_Cancer.Res_80_2045
PubMedSearch : Walker_2020_Cancer.Res_80_2045
PubMedID: 32132111

Title : Genome sequence of a nephritogenic and highly transformable M49 strain of Streptococcus pyogenes - McShan_2008_J.Bacteriol_190_7773
Author(s) : McShan WM , Ferretti JJ , Karasawa T , Suvorov AN , Lin S , Qin B , Jia H , Kenton S , Najar F , Wu H , Scott J , Roe BA , Savic DJ
Ref : Journal of Bacteriology , 190 :7773 , 2008
Abstract : The 1,815,783-bp genome of a serotype M49 strain of Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus [GAS]), strain NZ131, has been determined. This GAS strain (FCT type 3; emm pattern E), originally isolated from a case of acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, is unusually competent for electrotransformation and has been used extensively as a model organism for both basic genetic and pathogenesis investigations. As with the previously sequenced S. pyogenes genomes, three unique prophages are a major source of genetic diversity. Two clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) regions were present in the genome, providing genetic information on previous prophage encounters. A unique cluster of genes was found in the pathogenicity island-like emm region that included a novel Nudix hydrolase, and, further, this cluster appears to be specific for serotype M49 and M82 strains. Nudix hydrolases eliminate potentially hazardous materials or prevent the unbalanced accumulation of normal metabolites; in bacteria, these enzymes may play a role in host cell invasion. Since M49 S. pyogenes strains have been known to be associated with skin infections, the Nudix hydrolase and its associated genes may have a role in facilitating survival in an environment that is more variable and unpredictable than the uniform warmth and moisture of the throat. The genome of NZ131 continues to shed light upon the evolutionary history of this human pathogen. Apparent horizontal transfer of genetic material has led to the existence of highly variable virulence-associated regions that are marked by multiple rearrangements and genetic diversification while other regions, even those associated with virulence, vary little between genomes. The genome regions that encode surface gene products that will interact with host targets or aid in immune avoidance are the ones that display the most sequence diversity. Thus, while natural selection favors stability in much of the genome, it favors diversity in these regions.
ESTHER : McShan_2008_J.Bacteriol_190_7773
PubMedSearch : McShan_2008_J.Bacteriol_190_7773
PubMedID: 18820018
Gene_locus related to this paper: strpy-ESTA , strpy-PEPXP , strpy-SPY1308

Title : Prolonged anticholinergic delirium following antihistamine overdose - Scott_2007_Australas.Psychiatry_15_242
Author(s) : Scott J , Pache D , Keane G , Buckle H , O'Brien N
Ref : Australas Psychiatry , 15 :242 , 2007
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: A case of anticholinergic delirium in a female adolescent is described, exploring the pharmacokinetic reasons for the prolonged time course and reviewing the management provided. CONCLUSION: A 14 year old female hospitalised for depression ingested large quantities of promethazine and cyproheptadine. A severe anticholinergic delirium ensued which resolved after six days, much longer than the expected duration. The likely cause of the prolonged delirium was the interaction of promethazine and fluvoxamine through the inhibition of the CYP2D6 enzyme. The patient's young age, the severity of the poisoning and the use of drugs with anticholinergic properties to manage the delirium may also have contributed. The delirium may have been reversed had a cholinesterase inhibitor been provided soon after the overdose.
ESTHER : Scott_2007_Australas.Psychiatry_15_242
PubMedSearch : Scott_2007_Australas.Psychiatry_15_242
PubMedID: 17516189

Title : Organic secretory products, adaptive responses and innervation in the parotid gland of ferret: a histochemical study - Triantafyllou_2005_Arch.Oral.Biol_50_769
Author(s) : Triantafyllou A , Fletcher D , Scott J
Ref : Archives of Oral Biology , 50 :769 , 2005
Abstract : To qualify cellular events of possible pathophysiological significance in the parotid of ferret, tissue obtained post-mortem from mature animals of either sex was examined by light microscopical histochemistry for calcium, protein, amino acids, mucosubstances and hydrolases, and by neurohistology. Calcium was localised in acinar cells replete with granules containing protein, disulphides and usually carboxylated mucosubstances. Acid phosphatase activity was basally concentrated in the acinar cells. The granular luminal region of striated ductal cells showed protein, tryptophan, disulphides, neutral mucosubstances, and E600-sensitive esterase and Naphthol AS-D chloroacetate esterase activities, whereas their basal region showed acid phosphatase activity. Strong periluminal activity of acid phosphatase and E600-resistant esterase characterised the collecting ducts. Cholinesterase activity was associated with an extensive network of nerve fibres embracing parenchyma. Catecholamine fluorescence was not seen. beta-glucuronidase reactive macrophages abounded in the interstices. The results suggest that while the acini in the parotid of ferret secrete polyionic glycoproteins, shielded by calcium, the striated ducts secrete tryptophan-rich products comprising neutral glycoproteins and showing proteolytic activity. Innervation is of the cholinergic type and parenchymal lysosomal activity, possibly related to autophagy of stored secretory products and heterophagy of luminal material, is brisk. Macrophages contribute to maintaining the glandular microenvironment, wherein secretory activity appears to be lethargic.
ESTHER : Triantafyllou_2005_Arch.Oral.Biol_50_769
PubMedSearch : Triantafyllou_2005_Arch.Oral.Biol_50_769
PubMedID: 15970208

Title : Genome sequence of the dissimilatory metal ion-reducing bacterium Shewanella oneidensis - Heidelberg_2002_Nat.Biotechnol_20_1118
Author(s) : Heidelberg JF , Paulsen IT , Nelson KE , Gaidos EJ , Nelson WC , Read TD , Eisen JA , Seshadri R , Ward N , Methe B , Clayton RA , Meyer T , Tsapin A , Scott J , Beanan M , Brinkac L , Daugherty S , DeBoy RT , Dodson RJ , Durkin AS , Haft DH , Kolonay JF , Madupu R , Peterson JD , Umayam LA , White O , Wolf AM , Vamathevan J , Weidman J , Impraim M , Lee K , Berry K , Lee C , Mueller J , Khouri H , Gill J , Utterback TR , McDonald LA , Feldblyum TV , Smith HO , Venter JC , Nealson KH , Fraser CM
Ref : Nat Biotechnol , 20 :1118 , 2002
Abstract : Shewanella oneidensis is an important model organism for bioremediation studies because of its diverse respiratory capabilities, conferred in part by multicomponent, branched electron transport systems. Here we report the sequencing of the S. oneidensis genome, which consists of a 4,969,803-base pair circular chromosome with 4,758 predicted protein-encoding open reading frames (CDS) and a 161,613-base pair plasmid with 173 CDSs. We identified the first Shewanella lambda-like phage, providing a potential tool for further genome engineering. Genome analysis revealed 39 c-type cytochromes, including 32 previously unidentified in S. oneidensis, and a novel periplasmic [Fe] hydrogenase, which are integral members of the electron transport system. This genome sequence represents a critical step in the elucidation of the pathways for reduction (and bioremediation) of pollutants such as uranium (U) and chromium (Cr), and offers a starting point for defining this organism's complex electron transport systems and metal ion-reducing capabilities.
ESTHER : Heidelberg_2002_Nat.Biotechnol_20_1118
PubMedSearch : Heidelberg_2002_Nat.Biotechnol_20_1118
PubMedID: 12368813
Gene_locus related to this paper: sheon-BIOH , sheon-LYPA , sheon-PIP , sheon-PTRB , sheon-q8ej95 , sheon-SO0071 , sheon-SO0614 , sheon-SO0616 , sheon-SO0801 , sheon-SO0880 , sheoe-SO0967 , sheon-SO1006 , sheon-SO1224 , sheon-SO1310 , sheon-SO1534 , sheon-SO1539 , sheon-SO1686 , sheon-SO1743 , sheon-SO1976 , sheon-SO1999 , sheon-SO2024 , sheon-SO2047 , sheon-SO2055 , sheon-SO2223 , sheon-SO2333 , sheon-SO2473 , sheon-SO2582 , sheon-SO2753 , sheon-SO2934 , sheon-SO3025 , sheon-SO3900 , sheon-SO3990 , sheon-SO4252 , sheon-SO4400 , sheon-SO4537 , sheon-SO4543 , sheon-SO4574 , sheon-SO4618 , sheon-SO4650 , sheon-SOA0048 , shefn-SfSFGH , sheon-ym51

Title : The sequence of the human genome - Venter_2001_Science_291_1304
Author(s) : Venter JC , Adams MD , Myers EW , Li PW , Mural RJ , Sutton GG , Smith HO , Yandell M , Evans CA , Holt RA , Gocayne JD , Amanatides P , Ballew RM , Huson DH , Wortman JR , Zhang Q , Kodira CD , Zheng XH , Chen L , Skupski M , Subramanian G , Thomas PD , Zhang J , Gabor Miklos GL , Nelson C , Broder S , Clark AG , Nadeau J , McKusick VA , Zinder N , Levine AJ , Roberts RJ , Simon M , Slayman C , Hunkapiller M , Bolanos R , Delcher A , Dew I , Fasulo D , Flanigan M , Florea L , Halpern A , Hannenhalli S , Kravitz S , Levy S , Mobarry C , Reinert K , Remington K , Abu-Threideh J , Beasley E , Biddick K , Bonazzi V , Brandon R , Cargill M , Chandramouliswaran I , Charlab R , Chaturvedi K , Deng Z , Di Francesco V , Dunn P , Eilbeck K , Evangelista C , Gabrielian AE , Gan W , Ge W , Gong F , Gu Z , Guan P , Heiman TJ , Higgins ME , Ji RR , Ke Z , Ketchum KA , Lai Z , Lei Y , Li Z , Li J , Liang Y , Lin X , Lu F , Merkulov GV , Milshina N , Moore HM , Naik AK , Narayan VA , Neelam B , Nusskern D , Rusch DB , Salzberg S , Shao W , Shue B , Sun J , Wang Z , Wang A , Wang X , Wang J , Wei M , Wides R , Xiao C , Yan C , Yao A , Ye J , Zhan M , Zhang W , Zhang H , Zhao Q , Zheng L , Zhong F , Zhong W , Zhu S , Zhao S , Gilbert D , Baumhueter S , Spier G , Carter C , Cravchik A , Woodage T , Ali F , An H , Awe A , Baldwin D , Baden H , Barnstead M , Barrow I , Beeson K , Busam D , Carver A , Center A , Cheng ML , Curry L , Danaher S , Davenport L , Desilets R , Dietz S , Dodson K , Doup L , Ferriera S , Garg N , Gluecksmann A , Hart B , Haynes J , Haynes C , Heiner C , Hladun S , Hostin D , Houck J , Howland T , Ibegwam C , Johnson J , Kalush F , Kline L , Koduru S , Love A , Mann F , May D , McCawley S , McIntosh T , McMullen I , Moy M , Moy L , Murphy B , Nelson K , Pfannkoch C , Pratts E , Puri V , Qureshi H , Reardon M , Rodriguez R , Rogers YH , Romblad D , Ruhfel B , Scott R , Sitter C , Smallwood M , Stewart E , Strong R , Suh E , Thomas R , Tint NN , Tse S , Vech C , Wang G , Wetter J , Williams S , Williams M , Windsor S , Winn-Deen E , Wolfe K , Zaveri J , Zaveri K , Abril JF , Guigo R , Campbell MJ , Sjolander KV , Karlak B , Kejariwal A , Mi H , Lazareva B , Hatton T , Narechania A , Diemer K , Muruganujan A , Guo N , Sato S , Bafna V , Istrail S , Lippert R , Schwartz R , Walenz B , Yooseph S , Allen D , Basu A , Baxendale J , Blick L , Caminha M , Carnes-Stine J , Caulk P , Chiang YH , Coyne M , Dahlke C , Mays A , Dombroski M , Donnelly M , Ely D , Esparham S , Fosler C , Gire H , Glanowski S , Glasser K , Glodek A , Gorokhov M , Graham K , Gropman B , Harris M , Heil J , Henderson S , Hoover J , Jennings D , Jordan C , Jordan J , Kasha J , Kagan L , Kraft C , Levitsky A , Lewis M , Liu X , Lopez J , Ma D , Majoros W , McDaniel J , Murphy S , Newman M , Nguyen T , Nguyen N , Nodell M , Pan S , Peck J , Peterson M , Rowe W , Sanders R , Scott J , Simpson M , Smith T , Sprague A , Stockwell T , Turner R , Venter E , Wang M , Wen M , Wu D , Wu M , Xia A , Zandieh A , Zhu X
Ref : Science , 291 :1304 , 2001
Abstract : A 2.91-billion base pair (bp) consensus sequence of the euchromatic portion of the human genome was generated by the whole-genome shotgun sequencing method. The 14.8-billion bp DNA sequence was generated over 9 months from 27,271,853 high-quality sequence reads (5.11-fold coverage of the genome) from both ends of plasmid clones made from the DNA of five individuals. Two assembly strategies-a whole-genome assembly and a regional chromosome assembly-were used, each combining sequence data from Celera and the publicly funded genome effort. The public data were shredded into 550-bp segments to create a 2.9-fold coverage of those genome regions that had been sequenced, without including biases inherent in the cloning and assembly procedure used by the publicly funded group. This brought the effective coverage in the assemblies to eightfold, reducing the number and size of gaps in the final assembly over what would be obtained with 5.11-fold coverage. The two assembly strategies yielded very similar results that largely agree with independent mapping data. The assemblies effectively cover the euchromatic regions of the human chromosomes. More than 90% of the genome is in scaffold assemblies of 100,000 bp or more, and 25% of the genome is in scaffolds of 10 million bp or larger. Analysis of the genome sequence revealed 26,588 protein-encoding transcripts for which there was strong corroborating evidence and an additional approximately 12,000 computationally derived genes with mouse matches or other weak supporting evidence. Although gene-dense clusters are obvious, almost half the genes are dispersed in low G+C sequence separated by large tracts of apparently noncoding sequence. Only 1.1% of the genome is spanned by exons, whereas 24% is in introns, with 75% of the genome being intergenic DNA. Duplications of segmental blocks, ranging in size up to chromosomal lengths, are abundant throughout the genome and reveal a complex evolutionary history. Comparative genomic analysis indicates vertebrate expansions of genes associated with neuronal function, with tissue-specific developmental regulation, and with the hemostasis and immune systems. DNA sequence comparisons between the consensus sequence and publicly funded genome data provided locations of 2.1 million single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). A random pair of human haploid genomes differed at a rate of 1 bp per 1250 on average, but there was marked heterogeneity in the level of polymorphism across the genome. Less than 1% of all SNPs resulted in variation in proteins, but the task of determining which SNPs have functional consequences remains an open challenge.
ESTHER : Venter_2001_Science_291_1304
PubMedSearch : Venter_2001_Science_291_1304
PubMedID: 11181995
Gene_locus related to this paper: human-AADAC , human-ABHD1 , human-ABHD10 , human-ABHD11 , human-ACHE , human-BCHE , human-LDAH , human-ABHD18 , human-CMBL , human-ABHD17A , human-KANSL3 , human-LIPA , human-LYPLAL1 , human-NDRG2 , human-NLGN3 , human-NLGN4X , human-NLGN4Y , human-PAFAH2 , human-PREPL , human-RBBP9 , human-SPG21

Title : Histochemical phenotypes of von Ebner's gland of ferret and their functional implications - Triantafyllou_2001_Histochem.J_33_173
Author(s) : Triantafyllou A , Fletcher D , Scott J
Ref : Histochemical Journal , 33 :173 , 2001
Abstract : Von Ebner's gland of ferret was examined by means of light microscopy, protein, mucosubstance and enzyme histochemistry, and neurohistology. Acinar cells were replete with granules containing neutral mucosubstances and disulphides, and showed strong diffuse acid phosphatase activity and weak granular staining for peroxidase. Staining for cytochrome oxidase, succinate dehydrogenase, and NADH and NAD(P)H dehydrogenases was also seen. Basolateral plasmalemma of acinar cells showed weak, ouabain-sensitive Na+,K+-ATPase activity. Ductal cells were of a simple appearance, contained thiols and showed variable staining for acid phosphatase, dehydrogenases and cytochrome oxidase. Variable amounts of beta-glucuronidase reaction product were localized in the glandular parenchyma, being marked in atrophic areas. Prominent stellate myoepithelial cells embracing acini and also basal ductal cells were demonstrated by alkaline phosphatase. Thiamine pyrophosphatase reaction product was concentrated in blood vessels around parenchyma, with little Golgi-like staining in acinar cells. Acetylcholinesterase activity was associated with an extensive network of nerve fibres embracing parenchyma, whereas catecholamine fluorescence was not seen. The results suggest that the acini of von Ebner's gland of ferret synthesise neutral secretory glycoproteins and peroxidase. Water mobilization is inconspicuous. Lysosomal activities feature in the parenchyma, possibly a consequence of processing secretory products in acini, absorption in ducts and/or adaptation atrophy. The gland receives a rich cholinergic-type innervation, and has extensive myoepithelial and microvascular networks.
ESTHER : Triantafyllou_2001_Histochem.J_33_173
PubMedSearch : Triantafyllou_2001_Histochem.J_33_173
PubMedID: 11508341

Title : Innervation and myoepithelial arrangements in the submandibular salivary gland of ferret investigated by enzyme, catecholamine and filament histochemistry - Fletcher_1999_Arch.Oral.Biol_44_1035
Author(s) : Fletcher D , Triantafyllou A , Scott J
Ref : Archives of Oral Biology , 44 :1035 , 1999
Abstract : Although the submandibular gland of ferret is useful for studying salivary secretory processes which are regulated by nerves and involve myoepithelial activity, little attention has been paid to its parenchymal innervation and myoepithelial arrangements. Therefore, glands obtained postmortem from mature ferrets of both sexes were here examined with the use of light-microscopic histochemical techniques for cholinesterases, phosphatases and phosphorylase, histofluorescence for catecholamines, and milling dyes. Acetylcholinesterase staining was associated with nerve trunks in the interlobular stroma and an extensive intralobular network of nerve fibres, presumably of a cholinergic type, embracing acini and ducts. There were fewer fibres containing fluorescing catecholamines, presumably adrenergic. They were largely associated with acini. Numerous stellate cells with fine branching processes embracing acini, presumably myoepithelial cells, and a few spindle-shaped basal cells, investing striated ducts, were demonstrated on frozen tissue by alkaline phosphatase, but not by adenosine triphosphatase, inosine diphosphatase and phosphorylase. Cells of similar shape and distribution were also demonstrated by staining with milling dyes on fixed tissues, indicating possibly a filamentous constituent conferring mechanical stability and/or contractile ability. Together, these results suggest, firstly, that a cholinergic-type parenchymal innervation is prominent in the submandibular gland of ferret, although many adrenergic nerves are also present, and, secondly that the gland has a very extensive myoepithelial network which is possibly involved in membrane transport, and the support and or contraction of the secretory parenchyma.
ESTHER : Fletcher_1999_Arch.Oral.Biol_44_1035
PubMedSearch : Fletcher_1999_Arch.Oral.Biol_44_1035
PubMedID: 10669082

Title : Whole-genome random sequencing and assembly of Haemophilus influenzae Rd - Fleischmann_1995_Science_269_496
Author(s) : Fleischmann RD , Adams MD , White O , Clayton RA , Kirkness EF , Kerlavage AR , Bult CJ , Tomb JF , Dougherty BA , Merrick JM , McKenney K , Sutton G , FitzHugh W , Fields C , Gocayne JD , Scott J , Shirley R , Liu LI , Glodek A , Kelley JM , Weidman JF , Phillips CA , Spriggs T , Hedblom E , Cotton MD , Utterback TR , Hanna MC , Nguyen DT , Saudek DM , Brandon RC , FineLD , Fritchman JL , Fuhrmann JL , Geoghagen NS , Gnehm CL , McDonald LA , Keith V , Small KV , Fraser CM , Smith HO , Venter JC
Ref : Science , 269 :496 , 1995
Abstract : An approach for genome analysis based on sequencing and assembly of unselected pieces of DNA from the whole chromosome has been applied to obtain the complete nucleotide sequence (1,830,137 base pairs) of the genome from the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae Rd. This approach eliminates the need for initial mapping efforts and is therefore applicable to the vast array of microbial species for which genome maps are unavailable. The H. influenzae Rd genome sequence (Genome Sequence DataBase accession number L42023) represents the only complete genome sequence from a free-living organism.
ESTHER : Fleischmann_1995_Science_269_496
PubMedSearch : Fleischmann_1995_Science_269_496
PubMedID: 7542800
Gene_locus related to this paper: haein-HI0193 , haein-metx , haein-pldb , haein-sfgh , haein-y1552 , haein-yfbb

Title : Metalloporphyrin phototoxicity - Scott_1990_J.Photochem.Photobiol.B_7_149
Author(s) : Scott J , Quirke JM , Vreman HJ , Stevenson DK , Downum KR
Ref : J Photochem Photobiol B , 7 :149 , 1990
Abstract : The phototoxicities of six metalloporphyrin dimethylesters (i.e. cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), tin (Sn) and zinc (Zn) were investigated. Hemolysis of human erythrocytes and inactivation of two enzymes (acetylcholinesterase and beta-galactosidase) were used to assess the phototoxic efficacy of these metal chelates. Tin protoporphyrin (SnPP), the only porphyrin found to hemolyze erythrocytes at a concentration of 40 microM (radiation dose, 230 kJ m-2), was much less efficient than either free protoporphyrin IX or hematoporphyrin. SnPP completely inactivated beta-galactosidase at concentrations above 15 microM (radiation dose, 75 kJ m-2) and drastically interfered with acetylcholinesterase activity at a concentration of 150 microM (radiation dose, 75 kJ m-2). CoPP, CuPP, MnPP, NiPP and ZnPP were ineffective photohemolytic agents at 40 microM (radiation dose, 230 kJ m-2), but inactivated acetylcholinesterase and beta-galactosidase activity to varying degrees. These results suggest that (i) metal ions reduce the phototoxicity of protoporphyrin IX, (ii) different metal ions reduce the phototoxic activity of protoporphyrin IX to different degrees and (iii) the biological activities of the various metal complexes vary in different assay systems.
ESTHER : Scott_1990_J.Photochem.Photobiol.B_7_149
PubMedSearch : Scott_1990_J.Photochem.Photobiol.B_7_149
PubMedID: 2128321

Title : Levels of nerve growth factor and its mRNA in the central nervous system of the rat correlate with cholinergic innervation - Korsching_1985_EMBO.J_4_1389
Author(s) : Korsching S , Auburger G , Heumann R , Scott J , Thoenen H
Ref : EMBO Journal , 4 :1389 , 1985
Abstract : The levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) and its mRNA in the rat central nervous system were determined by two-site enzyme immunoassay and quantitative Northern blots, respectively. Relatively high NGF levels (0.4-1.4 ng NGF/g wet weight) were found both in the regions innervated by the magnocellular cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain (hippocampus, olfactory bulb, neocortex) and in the regions containing the cell bodies of these neurons (septum, nucleus of the diagonal band of Broca, nucleus basalis of Meynert). Comparatively low, but significant NGF levels (0.07-0.21 ng NGF/g wet weight) were found in various other brain regions. mRNANGF was found in the hippocampus and cortex but not in the septum. This suggests that magnocellular cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain are supplied with NGF via retrograde axonal transport from their fields of innervation. These results, taken together with those of previous studies showing that these neurons are responsive to NGF, support the concept that NGF acts as trophic factor for magnocellular cholinergic neurons.
ESTHER : Korsching_1985_EMBO.J_4_1389
PubMedSearch : Korsching_1985_EMBO.J_4_1389
PubMedID: 2411537

Title : Pseudocholinesterase and the prediction of stability in subnormal and psychopathic offenders -
Author(s) : McKerracher DW , McGuire WA , Aronson A , Scott J
Ref : British Journal of Psychiatry , 112 :717 , 1966